Mark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer in the following question.
Without your help, I………..the technical problem with my computer the other day.
……….the distance was too far and the time was short, we decided to fly there instead of going there by train.
Housework is less tiring and boring thanks to the invention of……..devices.
Michael is incapable of keeping his mind engaged in the lesson.
Donald Trump is……...president of………….United States.
Some snakes lay eggs, but……….give birth to live offspring
I didn’t arrive in time. I was not able to see her off.
Paul and Mary have been dating for two weeks and he is asking her to go out for dinner.
- Paul: "Would you like to have dinner with me?"
- Mary: “______”
They'll be able to walk across the river……..
People think that traffic congestion in the downtown area is due to the increasing number of private cars.
I recommend that the student ……….his composition as soon as possible.
If you are not Japanese, so what ……….are you?
In a modern family, the husband is expected to join hands with his wife to…….the household chores.
There have been more than 200 students …….. scholarship from this educational organization so far.
Since 1950 the world……….nearly one-fifth of the soil from its agricultural land and one-fifth of its tropical forests.
I hope you……….the point of everything your mother and I do for you.
Jenny and Jimmy are talking about university education.
- Jenny: "I think having a university degree is the only way to succeed in life."
- Jimmy: "………. . There are successful people without a degree."
Jack found it hard to…….the loss of his little dog.
"I'm sorry. I didn't do the homework." said the boy.
Granny is completely deaf. You will have to……. allowances for her.
We spent about one-third of our lives sleeping. We know relatively little about sleep.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word in the following question.
I’m sorry I can’t go out with you. I’m up to my ears in work.
Mrs. Ratchet is very kind, always giving open-handed assistance to the needy.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in the following question.
The first postage stamps issued in New York City in 1842.
The president said it was imperative that the release of all hostages was secured.
She said her father that she would go shopping with him the following day.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in the following question.
He talks continuously with his friends about his achievements. He’s kind of person who is always blowing his own horn.
Despite her cries, no one came to her assistance.
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: national, constructive, essential, commercial
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: government, leadership, telephone, appearance
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: entertain, envelop, endanger, encourage
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: species, invent, tennis, medicine
Read the following passage carefully and mark the letter A,B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 33 to 40.
The word "noise" is derived from the Latin word "nausea," meaning seasickness. Noise is among the most pervasive pollutants today. Noise pollution can broadly be defined as unwantesd or effensive sounds that unreasonably intrude into our daily activitives. Noise from road traffic, jet planes, barking dogs, garbage trucks, construction equipment, manufacturing processes, lawn mowers, leaf blowers, and boom boxes, to name a few, are among the audible litter that is routinely broadcast into the air.
One measure of pollution is the danger it poses to health. Noise negatively affects human health and well-being. Problems related to noise include hearing loss, stress, high blood pressure, sleep loss, distraction and lost productivity. Noise polluyion also contribute to a general reduction in the quality of life and opportunities for tranquility.
We experience noise in a number of ways. On some occasions, we can be both the cause and the victim of noise, such as when we are operating noisy appliances or equipment. There are also instances when we experience noise generated by others just as people experience second-hand smoke. While in both instances, noise is equally damaging physically, second-hand noise is more troubling because it has negative impacts on us but is put into the environment by others, without our consent.
The air into which second-hand noise is emitted and on which it travels is a "commons". It belongs not to an individual person or group, but to everyone. People, businesses, and organizations, therefore, do not have unlimited rights to broadcast noise as they please, as if the effects of noise were limited only to their private property. Those that disregard the obligation to not interfere with others’ use and enjoyment of the commons by producing noise pollution are , in many ways, acting like a bully in a scholyard. Although they may do so unkowingly, they disregard the rights of others and claim for themselves rights that are not theirs.
The actual loudness of a sound is only one component of the negative effect noise pollution has on human beings. Other factors that have to be considered are the time and place, the duration, the source of the sound, and even the mood of the effect person. Most people wuold not be bothered by the sound of a 21-gun salute on a special occasion. On the other hand, the thump-thump of music coming the apartment downstairs at 2 a.m., even if barely audible, may be a major source of stress. The sound of the neigbour;s lawn mower may be unobjectionable on a summer afternoon, but if someone is hoping to sleep late on Sunday morning, the sound of a lawn mower starting up just after sunrise is a irritant.
Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a problem caused by noise ?
Secondhand noise and secondhand smoke are similar in that……………………
The word “which” in paragraph 4 refers to……………..
The word “disregard” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to………………….
Which of the following is NOT one of the components of the negative effects that noise pollution has on people ?
The authority explains the concept of interfering with the others’ use and enjoyment of the commons by………….
The author of the passage implies that secondhand noise pollution…………………..
In the last paragraph,the author mentions a 21-gun salute as an example of ………….
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate thecorrect word or phrase that best fits each of the number blanks from 41 to 45.
In a small village in North Yorkshire, there is a big old farmhouse (41 ) ……..three families live together. Alice and George and their three children, Joe and Pam and their two children, and Sue and her baby daughter. The adults divide up the work between them. George does the cooking, Joe and Sue do almost the housework. Pam looks after the shopping and (42 ) …….the repairs, and Alice takes care of the garden.
Alice, George and Sue go out to work. Joe works at home (43 ) ……..computer systems, and Pam, who is a painter, looks after the baby during the day. Two of the children go to school in the village, but the three oldest ones go by bus to the secondary school in the nearest town, ten miles away.
The three families get (44 )……well, and enjoy their way of life. There are a few difficulties, of course. Their biggest worry at the moment is money- one of the cars needs replacing, and the roof needs some expensive repairs. But this isn't too serious- the bank has agreed to a loan, which they expect to be able to pay back in three years. And they all say they would much rather go on living in their old farmhouse (45 ) …….move to a luxury flat in a big city.
Read the following passage carefully and mark the letter A,B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 46 to 50.
One of the highest honors for journalists, writers, and musical composers is the Pulitzer Prize. First awarded in 1917, the Pulitzer Prize has been won by Emest Hemingway, Harper Lee, John F. Kennedy, and Rodgers and Hammerstein, among others. As with many famous awards, this prize was named after its founder, Joseph Pulitzer. Joseph Pulitzer’s story, like that of many immigrants to the United States, is one of hardship, hard work, and triumph. Born in Hungary, Joseph Pulitzer moved to the United States in 1864. He wanted to be a reporter, but he started his American life by fighting in the American Civil War. After the war, Pulitzer worked for the German – language newspaper, the Westliche Post. His skills as a reporter were wonderful, and he soon became a partial owner of the paper.
In 1878, Pulitzer was able to start a newspaper of his own. Right from the first edition, the newspaper took a controversial approach to news. Pulitzer wanted to appeal to the average reader, so he produced exciting stories of scandal and intrigue. Such an approach is commonplace today, but in Putlizer’s time it was new and different. The approach led to the discovery of many instances of corruption by influential people. Pulitzer’s paper became very famous and is still produced today.
The success of Joseph Pulitzer’s newspaper made him a very wealthy man, so he wanted to give something back to his profession. Throughout his later years, he worked to establish university programs for the teaching of journalism, and he funded numerous scholarships to assist journalism students. Finally, he wanted to leave a legacy that would encourage writers to remember the importance of quality. On his death, he gave two million dollars to Columbia University so that they could award prizes to great writers.
According to the reading passage, who receives the Pulitzer Prize?
The word “partial” in the passage is closest in meaning to ..............
Why does the writer mention “John F. Kennedy” in line 2?
Which sentence about the Pulitzer Prize is NOT true according to the reading passage?
According to the reading passage, why did Joseph Pulitzer invent the Pulitzer Prize?