Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: symbol, synonym, identify, ecology
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: disease, business, design, domestic
Choose the best answer that best fits each blank (A, B, C, or D) in the following questions
If only motorists.......drive more carefully!
She tried to set.......a few minutes each day for her exercises.
I didn’t know.......my answer was right or wrong.
Your mother scarcely goes to dancing balls, .......?
Now my father.......at night.
People convicted of murder in Britain are no longer.......to death.
The young men were.......guilty of shoplifting.
A(n).......has been ordered into why so many safety rules were broken! Just before the accident occurred.
The film-maker of “Cô Ba Sai Gon”, .......in the landscape of Hue, decided to make new one.
The girl, .......father is a chef at a famous restaurant, cannot cook.
There was nothing they could do.......leave the car at the roadside where it had broken down.
Cold temperatures, short growing seasons, and heavy snows prevent.......at high elevations.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
My brother says that he only enjoys to watch Sydney from the skywalk
In England, young and old people are fond for watching football.
The children are boring with watching the same programme everyday.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Dad finished his meal. He left for work immediately.
The boy is talking to a girl with golden hair. He is my best friend.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 20 to 26.
It's an astounding feat: Every summer, three billion birds of some 300 species-songbirds, waterbirds, and many others- migrate from northern Africa to Europe and Asia. In the winter, they return to Africa’s warmer shores. As they travel from one place to another, they navigate using the sun, the stars, smells, and land forms to help them find their way.
Both large and small birds travel thousands of kilometers, often stopping at locations along the way to rest. In late fall in the northern hemisphere, for example, golden orioles fly from northern to southern Europe, and then cross the Mediterranean Sea into Africa. The birds often stop at different oases in northern Africa before flying almost 1,600 kilometers (over 1,000 miles) across the Sahara Desert and then on to central and southern Africa.
The birds migration is long and difficult, and some of the animals inevitably die during each trip. However, it is not this twice-a-year journey that poses the greatest risk to these animals. The main threat to the birds' survival comes from human hunters. All over the Mediterranean, millions of migrating birds are killed for food, profit, and sport every year. As a result, bird populations are dropping all over the region.
In nations along the Mediterranean, many migratory birds are illegally trapped or shot. In addition to traps, hunters also use electronic calls to catch birds. This tool, which a hunter can operate from a cell phone, mimics bird sounds and is very effective in attracting the animals-so effective that in some countries, bird populations have plummeted. “There are no birds," says one Albanian man. "We walk for hours without seeing any. It's really scary." Some hunters also use nets to capture birds as they fly close to the sea. The nets are high-going from ground level to just over 3 meters (11 feet)- and invisible to the birds, allowing hunters to trap hundreds of birds at a time.
Working for Change
Countries all over the Mediterranean are aware that bird populations are in danger, and many are working to address this problem. In the European Union, hunting migratory birds is illegal in some countries, while in others, it is strictly controlled-the birds can only be hunted at a certain time of year. This hasn’t completely stopped bird poaching in Europe, but more nature-protection groups are making sure that laws are obeyed. The organization WWW Italy, for example, works with volunteers to stop poachers and destroy birdsong devices that attract birds. This has been successful in many places throughout the country. Sicily, for example, was once a hot spot for illegal bird hunting. Today, it has mostly eliminated poaching, and birdwatching is becoming popular on the island.
Across the Mediterranean, another group-Nature Conservation Egypt-is working to increase protection of its country’s natural scenery and wildlife, including its migratory birds. As part of a current project, the organization is trying to promote activities such as eco-tourism along the coasts. The hope is that, as more tourists come to visit
protected natural areas, there will be an incentive to care for the birds and their habitats. If this happens, say conservationists, bird populations will quickly return to normal.
Wildlife organizations around the Mediterranean are helping to bring about change. Hunting bans are working, says Martin Schneider-Jacoby, a bird specialist for the German organization EuroNatur. But there is still more to do. Conservationists hope to stop hunting and restore bird habitats all over the Mediterranean. If this can be done, the birds' numbers will increase. There’s a long way to go. Schneider-Jacoby says, but like an oasis in the desert after a long journey, there is hope.
This reading is mainly about.......
The purpose of the first paragraph is to describe.......
Why has bird-watching become popular in Sicily?
Which of these statements would Martin Schneider-Jacoby probably agree with the most?
What is Nature Conservation Egypt doing to protect the birds?
What is the biggest danger to migrating birds?
Which of these is NOT mentioned as a way of attracting and catching birds?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning tothe underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
People are more inclined to put their hands in their pockets to help children.
The meeting began with the passing the hat around.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Ask Tina to cook the meal? Come off it, she can hardly boil an egg!
There are 348 people on the books at the cement works.
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position primary stress: generalize, comfortable, maternity, beautifully
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position primary stress: wonderful, attendance , enjoyment, detective
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 33 to 40.
WHAT MAKES AN OLYMPIC CHAMPION?
How does a person become an Olympic champion-someone capable of winning the gold? In reality, a combination of biological, environmental, and psychological factors, as well as training and practice, all go into making a super athlete.
Perhaps the most important factor involved in becoming an elite athlete is genetics. Most Olympic competitors are equipped with certain physical characteristics that differentiate them from the average person. Take an elite athlete's muscles, for example. In most human skeletal muscles (the ones that make your body move), there are fast-twitch fibers and slow-twitch fibers. Fast-twitch fibers help us move quickly.
Olympic weightlifters. for example, have a large number of fast-twitch fibers in their muscles-many more than the average person. These allow them to lift hundreds of kilos from the ground and over their heads in seconds.
Surprisingly, a large, muscular body is not the main requirement to do well in this sport. It is more important to have a large number of fast-twitch fibers in the muscles.
The legs of an elite marathon runner, on the other hand, might contain up to 90 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers. These generate energy efficiently and enable an athlete to control fatigue and keep moving for a longer period of time. When we exercise long or hard, it's common to experience tiredness, muscle pain, and difficulty breathing. These feelings are caused when the muscles produce high amounts of lactate and can't remove it quickly enough. Athletes with many slow-twitch muscle fibers seem to be able to clear the lactate from their muscles faster as they move. Thus, the average runner might start to feel discomfort halfway into a race. A trained Olympic athlete, however, might not feel pain until much later in the competition for some Olympic competitors, size is important. Most male champion swimmers are 180 cm (six feet) or taller, allowing them to reach longer and swim faster. For both male and female gymnasts, though, a smaller size and body weight mean they can move
with greater ease, and are less likely to suffer damage when landing on the floor from a height of up to 4.5 meters (15 feet).
Some athletes' abilities are naturally enhanced by their environment. Those raised at high altitudes in countries such as Kenya, Ethiopia, and Morocco have blood that is rich in hemoglobin. Large amounts of hemoglobin carry oxygen around the body faster, enabling these athletes to run better. Cultural factors also help some athletes do well at certain sports. Tegla Loroupe, a young woman from northern Kenya, has won several marathons. She attributes some of her success to her country's altitude (she trains at about 2,400 meters, or 8,000 feet) and some to her cultural background. As a child, she had to run ten kilometers to school every day. “I'd be punished if I was late," she says.
Although genetics, environment, and even culture play a part in becoming an elite athlete, training and practice are needed to succeed. Marathon runners may be able to control fatigue and keep moving for long periods of time, but they must train to reach and maintain their goals. Weightlifters and gymnasts perfect their skills by repeating the same motions again and again until they are automatic. Greg Louganis, winner of four Olympic diving gold medals, says divers must train the same way to be successful: "You have less than three seconds from takeoff until you hit the water, so it has to be reflex. You have to repeat the dives hundreds, maybe thousands, of times.”
Training this way requires an athlete to be not only physically fit but psychologically healthy as well. "They have to be," says Sean McCann, a sports psychologist at the Olympic Training Center in the U.S. ‘‘Otherwise, they couldn’t handle the training loads we put on them. [Athletes] have to be good at setting goals, generating energy when they need it, and managing anxiety "
How do athletes adjust to such intense pressure? Louganis explains how he learned to control his anxiety during a competition: "Most divers think too much…," he says. "They're too much in their heads. What worked for me was humor. I remember thinking about what my mother would say if she saw me do a bad dive. She'd probably just compliment me on the beautiful splash.
What is this reading mainly about?
The word more in line 9 refers to.......
When lactate builds up in their muscles, people feel.......
What is the main idea of the sixth paragraph (“Although genetics…”)?
What advantage do athletes from high-altitude countries have?
What statement would diver Greg Louganis probably agree with?
The word differentiate is closest in meaning to.......
Having a lot of slow-twitch muscle fibers is particularly important for.......
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 41 to 45.
How would you like to attend a university that teaches you how to find inner peace in stressful times, or how to be happy without ...(41)... money? For many students, doing a degree not only opens their minds to new academic ideas, but also to new ways of living as they meet people from different backgrounds and live independently at the same time. But why not address lifestyle choices in the lecture theatre too? That’s the philosophy at Alfred University in New York, USA, where optional seminar-style classes in recent years ...(42)... Movement and Stillness: Yoga and Meditation; Happiness and Stinginess, and the Good Life on a Dollar a Day. The latter ...(43)... on the idea that capitalist society was built on a lie - that you will be happy if you spend money. Alfred students have also studied the reasons behind the success of popular culture hits such as the Harry Potter books and the TV show The Sopranos in the sessions, which are held in the evening. The classes have been popular with students. One ...(44)... that they created an environment where learning for fun was put first, while another said he enjoyed ...(45)... around people who knew not to take life too seriously, but took their studies seriously.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
In a ball room.
~ Chuck: “What do you think of horror films?”
~ Phil: “.............”
At a café.
~ Joe: "............."
~ Todd: “Classical music.”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
Choosing a suitable job is really important to adolescents.
Nobody apart from my sister thought I would win the scholarship.
The headmaster made him stay behind after class.