Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Nam and Huy are talking about the 30th SEA Games.
- Nam: "Vietnam U22 football team had an excellent performance and won gold medal because they had prepared carefully for the 30th SEA Games."
- Huy: "……………… It ended our strong desire to win gold medal for 60 years."
Janifer is meeting Mary in a party.
Janifer: “ Wow! What a fashionable skirt you are wearing!”
Mary: “……………….. ”
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 7.
As you know, the burning of fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas emit greenhouse gases. That is why environmentalists insist that we use clean, renewable energy sources. Wave energy, produced by ocean surface waves, is both eco-friendly and cost-efficient. Research has suggested that ocean wave power could make a major contribution to the world's energy resources. Scientists claim that using 1% of wave energy can provide the equivalent of 500 times the world energy consumption. With 70% of the earth's surface covered with water, wave energy is undoubtedly a valuable source of green energy.
However, there is the challenge of converting wave power into energy and transmitting it to shore. Building and operating wave power stations in the ocean is far more expensive and difficult than on land. Also, salt water is a very hostile environment to devices. They go rusty easily and cannot last as long as those on shore. Sea waves make energy harvesting even harder by moving up and down most of the time.
Viet Nam has a long coastline with great potential for producing wave energy. Hopefully, advancements in renewable energy technology will soon allow us to exploit wave energy effectively and efficiently.
Which best serves as the title for the passage?
The word “hostile” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ………………..
The word “They” in paragraph 2 refers to ………………..
According to the passage, we should use renewable energy sources because they are ………………..
What is the disadvantage of wave energy according to the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Being a single mother no longer carries the social stigma that is used to.
Many organizations have been involved in drawing up the report on environmental campaigns.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part(s) in each of the following questions.
One is supposed to expend far more energy in marathon run than expected.
On the spur of the moment, she decided to enter the race that she had come to watch.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
It was careless of you to leave the windows open last night.
Many people are afraid of sharks, but they rarely attack people
“Why don’t you ask the Council for help?” my neighbor said.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
While Harry …….. his car, a friend of his phoned him to inform that he had been offered the job.
……………….., the vegetables are inspected carefully.
The girls remember ……………….. to Suoi Tien Water Park when they were ten years old.
We should take part in “Green Sunday” movement in order to reduce environmental ……………..
Fossil fuels are still widely used .................. they cause much pollution to our environment.
I’m really ……………….. the weather today; I have a terrible cold.
……………….. the living standard for the poor is a permanent aim of local authority
After graduation, she found ………………..with a local travel company in Chicago
Neil Armstrong was the first astronaut to step on ……………….. moon in 1969.
Because of a long period of economic depression, the company is about to ……….. bankrupt.
If the boys played better, they ……………….. the football match.
Thick fog in Hanoi prevented truck drivers ……………….. driving safely at night.
……………….. in United Kingdom, Harry Potter has been the bestseller book for a long time.
When he went to Egypt, he knew ……………….. no Arabic, but within 6 months he had become extremely fluent.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
The cowboy fell off his horse. He was wounded by an arrow.
I did not prepare carefully for the final test. I got disappointed result.
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: failed, performed, delivered, finished
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: enough, thousand, trouble, couple
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Even though they had been lost in the mountains for three days, they looked a strongly and healthy.
New sources of energy have been looking for as the number of fossil fuels continues to decrease.
It would be more economic to buy the bigger size.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, c, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 43.
Pollution emitted in industrial areas represents a threat to human health and the surrounding natural resources. We have a tendency to believe that the production processes are the only source of environmental damage, and often forget about the possible long-term effects of harmful production practices. We may think that the closure of these huge industrial areas would improve the quality of the environment. Unfortunately, this ignores the threat of the remaining waste, which is abandoned and poorly stored. It represents an even bigger danger because it stands neglected as it degrades and leaks into the earth without any control at all.
Changes in the water chemistry due to surface water contamination can affect all levels of an ecosystem. It can affect the health of lower food chain organisms and, consequently, the availability of food up through the food chain. It can damage the health of wetlands and damage their ability to support healthy ecosystems, control flooding, and filter pollutants from storm water runoff. The health of animals and humans are affected when they drink or bathe in contaminated water. In addition water-based organisms, like fish and shellfish, can pile up and concentrate contaminants in their bodies. When other animals or humans eat these organisms, they receive a much higher dose of contaminant than they would have if they had been directly exposed to the original contamination.
Contaminated groundwater can badly affect animals, plants and humans if it is removed from the ground by manmade or natural processes. Depending on the study of rocks of the area, groundwater may rise to the surface through springs or seeps, flow sideways into nearby rivers, streams, or ponds, or sink deeper into the earth. In many parts of the world, groundwater is pumped out of the ground to be used for drinking, bathing, other household uses, agriculture, and industry.
Contaminants in the soil can harm plants when they take up the contamination through their roots. Eating, breathing in, or touching contaminated soil, as well as eating plants or animals that have piled up soil contaminants can badly affect the health of humans and animals.
Air pollution can cause breathing-related problems and other bad health effects as contaminants are absorbed from the lungs into other parts of the body. Certain air contaminants can also harm animals and humans when they contact the skin. Plants rely on breathing for their growth and can also be affected by exposure to contaminants moved in the air.
The word “it” in the first paragraph refers to………………..
Which of the followings has the opposite meaning to the word “absorbed” in the last paragraph?
The word “dose” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to………………..?
Which of the followings is NOT badly affected by contaminated groundwater?
According to the passage, which of the followings supports healthy ecosystems?
According to the passage, the industry is likely to be thought as………………..
What is the topic of the passage?
Which of the followings affect an ecosystem as the whole?
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: conceal, follow, conserve, contain
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: invention, manager, company, attitude
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 46 to 50.
When you first arrive in a foreign culture, often your first reaction is completely positive. Everything seems exciting, different and fascinating. It’s an (46) ............. If you are just on a short holiday, you will probably never leave this phase.
(47) .........., if you stay longer, your attitude can start to change. As you start to realize (48) ............ little you really understand the new culture, life can get frustrating. People misunderstand what you are trying to say, or they may laugh at you when you say something incorrectly. Even simple things, like posting a letter, can seem very difficult to you. Thus, you are likely to get angry or upset when things go wrong.
With time, though, you start to (49) ............ to become more comfortable with the differences and better able to handle frustrating situations. Your (50) ............ of humor reappears. Finally, you may feel enthusiastic about the culture once again, enjoy living in it, and even prefer certain aspects of the culture to your own.