Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: swear, spear, hear, shear
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: eased, missed, ceased, lapsed
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: emphasize, determine, educate, compliment
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: attempt, effort, action, product
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
In general, _______, the higher your risk of getting and spreading COVID-19.
I'm not blaming you - we all ______ mistakes.
Nam is motivated to study ______ he knows that a good education can improve his life.
My sister is feeling unwell. That's why she is eating like a ______ today.
Over 200 people attended the ceremony; many of ______ had known Steve as their teacher.
It's unlikely that he will win, ______?
______, she received a big applause.
Many factories dispose of their waste by ______ it into rivers and the sea.
In a formal interview, it is essential to maintain good eye contact ______ the interviewers.
If he didn't have to work today, he ______ his children to the zoo.
She was a ______ woman.
Whenever a problem ______, we try to discuss frankly and find solutions as soon as possible.
If we want to develop inner tranquility, we have to stop ______ by every little thing.
Tim's encouraging words gave me ______ to undertake the task once again.
In the past people believed that women's ______ roles were as mothers and wives.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
My sister said that the journey by sea was long and boring. However, I found it very interesting.
My parents' warnings didn't deter me from choosing the job of my dream
Mark the the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
My neighbor is a reckless driver. He has been fined for speeding and has his license suspended for 3 months.
The Covid – 19 pandemic has taken a heavy toll on the economy of many countries.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
George and Ben are talking about their hobbies.
- George: “In my opinion, action films are exciting.”
- Ben: “______”
John is inviting Tom to have a get-together next week.
- John: “Would you like to have a get-together with us next weekend?”
- Tom: “_______________.”
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.
People born in different ages are different from each other in various aspects. The world is (26) ______ at a rapid pace and thus the difference between people born in different times is inevitable. Generation gap is the term given to the difference between two generations. The society changes at a constant pace and hence the lifestyle, ideologies, opinions, beliefs and the overall behavior of people also (27) ______ change with time. This change gives way to newer ideas and breaks the unreasonable stereotypes and this in turn has a positive (28) ______ on the society. (29) ______, most of the times it becomes a cause of conflict between two generations. The parent child relationship is often affected due to their generation gap. It has been observed that the parents try to impose their values and ideologies on their kids while the later want to explore the world on their own. Many relationships have suffered due to generation gap. Several parents and children have conflicts because of their difference of opinions (30) ______ they must understand is natural as there is a generation gap between them.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.
One of the greatest security threats in the online world is computer hacking. Hackers are people who illegally enter systems. They may alter or delete information, steal private information, or spread viruses that can damage or destroy files. But how exactly can a hacker get into a system to do these things?
Most hackers use information called protocols that are built into computer software. These protocols allow computers to interact with one another. Protocols are sort of like computer police officers. When a computer connects to another system, the protocols check to see if the access is valid. The protocols can also determine how much information can be shared between the two systems. Hackers can manipulate the protocols to get unlimited access to a computer system.
In fact, just the act of entering a computer network is commonly considered passive hacking. Passive hackers get a rush from just being able to access a challenging system like a bank or military network. Another kind of hacker tries to do damage to a system. After hacking into systems, these hackers release viruses or alter, delete, or take information. Known as active hackers, they are the more dangerous of the two.
The easiest way to protect a system is with a good password. Long and unusual passwords are harder for hackers to guess. For even greater security, some online services now use “password-plus” systems. In this case, users first put in a password and then put in a second code that changes after the user accesses the site. Users either have special cards or devices that show them new code to use the next time. Even if a hacker steals the password, they won’t have the code. Or if the hacker somehow gets the code, they still don’t know the password.
What should be the main title of the passage?
The word "valid" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to __________.
The word "They” in paragraph 1 refers to __________.
What do hackers do to get into a computer?
Why are active hackers probably considered more dangerous than passive ones?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
It is estimated that by 2050 more than two-thirds of the world's population will live in cities, up from about 54 percent today. While the many benefits of organized and efficient cities are well understood, we need to recognize that this rapid, often unplanned urbanization brings risks of profound social instability, risks to critical infrastructure, potential water crises and the potential for devastating spread of disease. These risks can only be further exacerbated as this unprecedented transition from rural to urban areas continues.
How effectively these risks can be addressed will increasingly be determined by how well cities are governed. The increased concentration of people, physical assets, infrastructure and economic activities mean that the risks materializing at the city level will have far greater potential to disrupt society than ever before.
Urbanization is by no means bad by itself. It brings important benefits for economic, cultural and societal development. Well managed cities are both efficient and effective, enabling economies of scale and network effects while reducing the impact on the climate of transportation. As such, an urban model can make economic activity more environmentally-friendly. Further, the proximity and diversity of people can spark innovation and create employment as exchanging ideas breeds new ideas.
But these utopian concepts are threatened by some of the factors driving rapid urbanization. For example, one of the main factors is rural-urban migration, driven by the prospect of greater employment opportunities and the hope of a better life in cities. But rapidly increasing population density can create severe problems, especially if planning efforts are not sufficient to cope with the influx of new inhabitants. The result may, in extreme cases, be widespread poverty. Estimates suggest that 40% of the world's urban expansion is taking place in slums, exacerbating socio-economic disparities and creating unsanitary conditions that facilitate the spread of disease.
The Global Risks 2015 Report looks at four areas that face particularly daunting challenges in the face of rapid and unplanned urbanization: infrastructure, health, climate change, and social instability. In each of these areas we find new risks that can best be managed or, in some cases, transferred through the mechanism of insurance.
The word “that" in paragraph 4 refers to __________.
According to paragraph 3, what is one of the advantages of urbanization?
Which statement is TRUE, according to the passage?
The word "addressed" in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _________.
What can be inferred from the passage?
Which is the most suitable title for the passage?
The word “spark” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___________.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
If a patient has (A) a special medical condition such as diabetes, epilepsy, or allergy, it is advisable that it (B) carry some kind (C) of identification in order to avoid being given improper medication (D) in an emergency.
To avoid (A) confusion, the two (B) never wear (C) the same (D) clothes.
I will (A) tell you something interesting (B) when I will have come (C) back from (D) the holiday.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
You were expected to answer all the questions on the exam paper but you didn't.
Julie to her neighbor: “Oh, it wasn't me who started that ugly rumor about you.”
I started working in this company when I came back from Japan.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
My wife didn't leave the car keys. I couldn't pick her up at the station.
After he had finished the report, he submitted it to the director.