Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: laughed, sacrificed, cooked, explained
Indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: moon, food, pool, foot
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: defend, precede, decent, expand
Indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: initiate, epidemic, opponent, enthusiast
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Nobody called me yesterday, ……………….?
This house ———————- in 1970 by my grandfather.
What do you know .......... him?
The more I tried my best to help her, ……….she became.
She has just bought ...............
When the boss walked into the office, his secretary ______.
She got the job...............the fact that she had very little experience.
________ to help, we will have finished the work.
._______the distance was too far and the time was short, we decided to fly there instead of going there by train.
She was pleased that things were going on _______.
I was late for work because my alarm clock did not _______ .
Peter______ a better understanding of Algebra than we do.
The sight of his pale face brought ________ to me how ill he really was.
The children had to__________in the principal’s office after they took part in a fight.
In the formal interview, it is essential to maintain good eye.......... with the interviewers.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The factory is fined for discharging dangerous chemicals into the river.
The new college is intended to improve the life chances of children in the inner city.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Children brought up in a caring environment tend to grow more sympathetic towards others.
It’s quite disappointing that some people still turn a blind eye to acts of injustice they witness in the street.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the option that best completes each of the following exchanges.
Janet wants to invite Susan to go to the cinema.
- Janet: “Do you feel like going to the cinema this evening?”
- Susan: “______.”
Baker and Barbara are talking about habits of women’ driving.
- Baker: “In my opinion, women often drive more carefully than men.”
- Barbara: “______.”
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 26 to 30.
Mobile phones: a benefit or social nuisance?
Few people under 30 will be able to imagine a time before the existence of mobile phones. Neither will they be (26)_________of the harmful effect that many people predicted text language would have on young people’s language skills.
Interestingly, linguists nowadays believe that expressing oneself clearly in texts is evidence of a good background in grammar and sentence structure. Mobile phones are credited with encouraging people to communicate more. They can also provide reassurance to people (27)_________are alone in dangerous situations. Some people use mobile phones as a kind of barrier to unwelcome social contact; texting can signal your unavailability to (28)_________people in the same way that wearing sunglasses and headphones does.
Some issues with mobile phones are still controversial. Talking loudly on the phone while on public transport is thought to be rude and (29)_________by many people in the UK. (30)_________, a significant minority of people still do it, despite the sighing and other obvious signs of disapproval from their fellow passengers.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 31 to 35.
Deep brain stimulation (DBS), an experimental technology that involves implanting a pacemaker-like device in a patient’s brain to send electrical impulses, is a hotly debated subject in the field of medicine. It is an inherently risky procedure and the exact effects on the human brain aren’t yet fully understood.
But some practitioners believe it could be a way to alleviate the symptoms of depression or even help treat Alzheimer’s — and now they suspect it could help with drug addiction as well. In a world’s first, according to the Associated Press, a patient in Shanghai’s Ruijin Hospital had a DBS device implanted in his brain to treat his addiction to methamphetamine. And the device has had an astonishingly positive effect, the patient says. “This machine is pretty magical. He adjusts it to make you happy and you’re happy, to make you nervous and you’re nervous,” he told the Associated Press. “It controls your happiness, anger, grief and joy.”
Other studies in China have yielded mixed results trying to treat opioid addictions using DBS, according to the AP. In the United States, at least two studies that tried to treat alcoholism with DBS were dropped for not being able to justify the risks. The idea of using DBS to treat drug addiction has raised concerns in medical communities across the globe about brain hemorrhage, seizures, or personality changes.
What is the passage mainly about?
The word “alleviate” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to_____.
The word “It” in paragraph 3 refers to__________________.
According to the passage, the use of DBS_____________.
All of the following are mentioned in the passage as concerns about the use of DBS to treat drug addiction in medical communities worldwide EXCEPT______________.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 36 to 42.
Most parents want their sons and daughters to have equal chances of success when they grow up. Today, equality of the sexes is largely mandated by public policy and law. However, old- fashioned ideas and a lot of prejudice are still part of our culture and present challenging questions for parents.
Gender stereotypes are rigid ideas about how boys and girls should behave. We all know what these stereotypes are: A "feminine" girls should be insecure, accommodating and a little illogical in her thinking. A "masculine" boy should be strong, unemotional, aggressive, and competitive. How are children exposed to these stereotypes? According to the researchers David and Myra Sadker of the American University of Washington, D.C., boys and girls are often treated differently in the classroom. They found out that when boys speak, teachers usually offer constructive comments, when girls speech, teachers tend to focus on the behavior. It's more important how the girls act rather than what they say.
The emphasis on differences begins at birth and continues throughout childhood. For example, few people would give pink baby's clothes to a boy or a blue blanket to a girl. Later, many of us give girls dolls and miniature kitchenware, while boys receive action figures and construction sets. There's nothing wrong with that. The problem arises when certain activities are deemed appropriate for one sex but not the other. According to Heather J. Nicholson, Ph.D., director of the National Resource Center for Girls, Inc., this kind of practice prevents boys and girls from acquiring important skills for their future lives.
"The fact is," says Nicholson, "that society functions as a kind of sorting machine regarding gender. In a recent survey, fifty-eight percent of eighth-grade girls but only six percent of boys earned money caring for younger children. On the other hand, twenty-seven percent of boys but only three percent of girls earned money doing lawn work". If we are serious about educating a generation to be good workers and parents, we need to eliminate such stereotypes as those mentioned previously.
Gender stereotypes inevitably are passed to our children. However, by becoming aware of the messages our children receive, we can help them develop ways to overcome these incorrect ideas. To counteract these ideas, parents can look for ways to challenge and support their children, and to encourage confidence in ways that go beyond what society's fixed ideas about differences of sext are.
Which of the following could be the main idea of the passage?
The word "deemed" in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ___.
According to the second passage, David and Myra Sadker of the American University of Washington, D.C found that_____.
According to the passage, which of the following is UNTRUE about gender stereotypes?
The word "counteract" in the last paragraph could be best replaced by __.
What does the word "that" in paragraph 3 refer to?
What can be inferred from the passage?
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
My brother usually asked me for help when he has difficulty with his homework.
Tom’s jokes are inappropriate but we have to put up with it just because he’s the boss.
He was so exhausted that he felt asleep at his desk.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
The last time I saw her was three years ago.
“Would you like to come out to dinner with me tonight, Jenny?” Paul said.
I’m sure that they had practiced hard for the games as they won a lot of medals.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Nam was so rude to them last night. Now he feels regretful.
He started computer programming as soon as he left school.