Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Mark the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: tough, enough, thorough, rough
Mark the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: release, reign, believe, conceive
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions
Mark the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress: accumulate, acupuncture, accordance, accomplish
Mark the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress: mineral, agony, expurgate, disposal
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
Such approaches should be supported and mainstreamed in health interventions in order to ............ positive behavior change.
While it is difficult for some people to change unhealthy habits, there are ........... for exercising frequently and eating fewer fatty foods.
There are lots of other situations in life when it is vital to be able to make .......... promises.
- Tina is still looking for a decent flat.
- How long .............?
Administration will start by improving the executive-legislature relationship so as to set a good ........... for members of the public.
You know that eating fruit as a snack is ........... healthier for us than eating chips, yet ........... of us actually do so.
They were travelling on the same train so they ............ But, of course, we don’t know if they did.
The latest ratings have aroused claims that reality television shows are on their last ............
He said the men took him to a forest and threatened to kill him but he convinced them to let him go in ........... for the car.
Simon crept into the house very quickly ........... his parents would not notice how late he was.
I can't meet you right now. I ........... at the moment.
When I first started there were a number of pupils outside of lessons playing ............
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges
A: I think people nowadays prefer instant messaging and social networking to emails.
A: Do you like using a desktop computer or laptop?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
The warning was ignored. It was given to the players about their behavior on the pitch.
You will have to tell him about it in the end. The longer you put off doing so, the harder it’s going to be.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions
Impressed as we were by the new cinema, we found it rather expensive.
The personnel officer promised him that she wouldn’t tell anyone that he had been in the prison.
“I wonder if you could possibly open the door for me?”
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 24 to 30
Cyclones in India, hurricanes in the Caribbean - severe weather events make news headlines almost weekly. Yet even in Britain, which has comparatively few climate extremes, the country is still governed by weather. If it’s pouring with rain the British might stay indoors or go to the cinema; if it’s fine they’ll have a picnic.
Most people nervously study the weather forecast the evening before if they’ve got an important appointment the following day. Even if they have nothing planned, the weather often affects their mood.
For individuals, the worst that can usually happen if the weather catches them on the hop is that they get wet. For business, the effects are far more serious. Airlines and shipping companies need to avoid severe weather and storm-force conditions. Power companies need to make sure they can supply the demand for electricity in cold weather; farmers plan their harvests around the forecast and food manufacturers increase their production of salads and other summer foods when fine weather is promised.
So who or what do meteorologists - weather forecasters as they are more commonly known - rely on when it comes to producing a forecast? Ninety percent of the information comes from weather satellites, the first of which was launched into space nearly forty years ago and was a minor revolution in the science of forecasting. Up until then, forecasters had relied on human observers to provide details of developing weather systems. As a result, many parts of the world where there were few humans around, especially the oceans, were information-free weather areas. Today, however, satellites can watch weather patterns developing everywhere.
In the UK meteorologists have also relied on releasing four weather balloons a day from eight fixed sites. These balloons measure wind, temperature and humidity as they rise upwards to a height of about 26,000 metres.
Some commercial aircraft can also be fitted with a range of forecasting instruments although this system has certain disadvantages. For example, it can provide a great deal of information about the weather on popular routes, such as London to New York, but little about the weather on more out-of-the way routes.
Instruments aboard ships can also supply basic weather information as well as important data on wave height. Generally, the range of these instruments is fairly limited but they can indicate which direction rain is coming from, how low the cloud is and give an idea of when the weather system will reach land.
One forecaster who has made a name for himself is a man called Piers Corbyn, who bases his forecasts on watching the Sun. Most forecasters will offer forecasts for only 10 days ahead, but Corbyn’s forecasts are for 11 months. Although most meteorologists believe that there is no scientific basis for his work, Corbyn’s forecasts are used by insurance companies who want to plan months in advance.
The weather system affects people’s lives in Britain ...........
What does the writer mean by the phrase “catches them on the hop” in paragraph 3?
Why does the writer list so many different businesses in paragraph 3?
Why is the first weather satellite described as a “minor revolution” in paragraph 4?
Using airplanes to help forecast the weather is ............
What does ‘it’ in paragraph 6 refer to?
Corbyn’s forecasts using the Sun are considered ................
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best Jits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35
It can take a long time to become successful in your chosen field, however talented you are. One thing you have to be aware of is that you will face criticism along the way. The world is full of people who would rather say something negative than positive. If you’ve made up your (31) ........... to achieve a certain goal, such as writing a novel, don’t let the negative criticism of others prevent you from reaching your target, and let the (32) ............. criticism have a positive effect on your work. If someone says you’re totally lacking in talent, ignore them. That’s negative criticism. If, (33) ..........., someone advises you to revise your work and gives you good reasons for doing so, you should (34) ........... their suggestions very carefully. There’re many movie stars who were once out of work.
There’re many famous novelists who made a complete trash of their first novel – or who didn’t, but had to put off approaching hundreds of publishers before they could get it published. Being successful does depend on luck, to a (35) ............ But things are more likely deal with well if you persevere and stay positive.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s): Over time, the wind has eroded the landscape and converted the slate rocks into small fragments.
Choose the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s): My sisters will all tell you that when I was in charge I was such a real slave driver.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions
Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s): He sees that she’s talented, that she's a special person trying to escape her dead - end life.
Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s): The ultimate aim of understanding deformation processes is to incorporate them into interpretations of earth theology.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Find the mistake: Lots of the world’s oil comes from the Middle East, and Venezuela and the United States also produce oil.
Find the mistake: Naturalists say that there is evidence to support the assertion that anthropoids, whether in captive or in the native state, sometimes beat their breasts.
Find the mistake: He was in a great hurry and had no time to think it over. Otherwise, he had found another way out.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions front 43 to 50
You might be surprised to know that bicycles have existed for less than two hundred years. Though the earliest comes from a sketch said to be from 1534 and attributed to Gian Giacomo, there are several early but unverified claims for the invention of the modem bicycle. No one is sure who invented this popular two- wheeled machine, but it was probably either the German Karl von Drais, in 1817, or the American W K Clarkson, in 1819. The early models didn't look much like the bicycles of today. The front wheel was much bigger than the back one, and also there weren't any pedals - riders had to move themselves forward by pushing their feet against the ground. Pedals finally arrived in the 1840s, and in 1879 an Englishman named Henry Lawson had the idea of connecting them to the back wheel with a chain. Gears, which made things much easier for those cycling uphill, first appeared in the 1890s.
There are now approximately one billion bicycles in the world - more than twice the total number of cars - and they are the main form of transport in some developing countries. They have to compete with cars on the streets of all the world’s cities, and the two forms of transport don't always mix well. In London in 2005, for example, over 300 cyclists were either killed or seriously injured in accidents involving cars. Even though bicycles are much more environmentally friendly than cars, most governments don't do much to encourage people to ride rather than drive. In China, which is famous for having a huge number of bicycles (about 200 million), the authorities in the city of Shanghai even banned cycling for a while in 2003.
Cycling is on the rise is the United Kingdom, and the number of annual journeys made by bike in London has increased 50% over the last five years. Experts say there is a mixture of reasons for this boom: concerns about the environment, the desire to keep fit, and also the fact that cycling is often not only cheaper but also quicker than travelling by car.
However, although one in three British adults owns a bicycle, they still don't use them nearly as much as they could. Bikes are used for a mere 2% of journeys in the UK, while the figure for the Netherlands is an impressive 27%.
Cycling is becoming more popular as a competitive sport, and the most famous race is of course the three-week Tour de France, which takes place every July. American Lance Armstrong won it every year from 1999 to 2005 - one of the greatest individual sporting achievements of all time.
(Adaptedfrom Handouts for B2, University of Linguistics and International Studies, 2017)
Why didn't early bicycles look much like today's models?
The highlighted word "attributed" is closest in meaning to ...............
Which of the following is FALSE?
According to experts, which of the following is NOT an explanation for the recent increase in bicycle use in London?
In the Netherlands, what percentage of journeys are made by bicycle?
What was Lance Armstrong’s amazing achievement?
The highlighted word “it” in paragraph 6 refers to ............
Which can be the best title for the passage?