Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions from 1 to 2
Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given: Nylon is a man-made fibre, the use of which has helped more people to have cheaper and more colourful clothes to wear.
Choose the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given: The college produces a glossy brochure to advertise its training courses.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 3 to 7
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered new ways of learning. All around the world, educational institutions are looking toward online learning platforms to continue with the process of educating students.
Online learning offers teachers an efficient way to deliver lessons to students. Online learning has a number of tools such as videos, PDFs, podcasts, and teachers can use all these tools as part of their lesson plans. By extending the lesson plan beyond traditional textbooks to include online resources, teachers are able to become more efficient educators.
Online education allows students to attend classes from any location of their choice. It also allows schools to reach out to a more extensive network of students, instead of being restricted by geographical boundaries. Additionally, online lectures can be recorded, archived, and shared for future reference. This allows students to access the learning material at a time of their comfort.
Another advantage of online learning is reduced financial costs. Online education is far more affordable as compared to physical learning. This is because online learning eliminates the cost points of student transportation, student meals, and most importantly, real estate. Additionally, all the course or study materials are available online, thus creating a paperless learning environment which is more affordable, while also being beneficial to the environment.
Every student has a different learning journey and a different learning style. Some students are visual learners, while some students prefer to learn through audio. Similarly, some students thrive in the classroom, and others are solo learners who get distracted by large groups. The online learning system, with its range of options and resources, can be personalized in many ways. It is the best way to create a perfect learning environment suited to the needs of each student.
What is the main idea of the passage?
It's easy for students to join online classes from any ______.
The word "their" in paragraph 3 refers to ______.
Online learning can help learners save money due to the following reasons EXCEPT ______.
The word "distracted" is closet in meaning to ______.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions from 8 to 9
Nam’s friends have all gone to the movie. He really needs their help now.
The new generation of computers is powerful. It can process faster than any earlier models.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges from 10 to 11
Jane is talking to Billy about the meeting.
- Jane: “Is everybody happy with the decision?”.
- Billy: “______”
Sarah and Kathy are talking about bad habits of children.
- Sarah: "Children under ten shouldn't stay up late to play computer games."
- Kathy: "______. It can badly influence on their physical health as well as their academic result."
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is CLOSEST in meaning to the sentence given in each of the following questions from 12 to 14
Her son has studied abroad for 4 years.
"It was you who didn't keep a secret." Jack said to Susan.
I'm not sure that she will give us a hand.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 15 to 19
Today, many governments are promoting organic or natural farming methods (15) ______ avoid the use of pesticides and other artificial products. The aim is to show that they care about the environment and about people’s health. But is this the right approach?
Europe is now the biggest (16) ______ for organic food in the world, expanding by 25 percent a year over the past 10 years. So what is the attraction of organic food for some people? The really important thing is that organic sounds more ‘natural’. Eating organic is (17) ______ way of defining oneself as natural, good, caring, different from the junk-food-scoffing masses. As a journalist puts it: “It feels closer to the source, the beginning, the start of things.”
Unlike conventional farming, the organic approach means farming with natural, rather than man-made. Techniques such as crop rotation improve soil quality and help organic farmers (18) ______ for the absence of man-made chemicals. (19) ______, for its ineffective use of land and labour, there are severe limits to how much food can be produced.
(Adapted from https://spiderum.com /Organic-food-why)
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 20 to 26
Plastic bags are used by everybody. From a vegetable vendor to a designer store, everyone seems to use them. Even though they are one of the modern conveniences that we seem to be unable to do without, they are responsible for causing pollution, killing wildlife, and using up the precious resources of the Earth. But, most of us are blissfully unaware of the repercussions that are occurring and will take place in the future because of the plastic bags.
Every once in a while, the government passes out an order banning store owners from providing plastic bags to customers for carrying their purchases, with little lasting effect. Plastic bags are very popular with both retailers as well as consumers because they are cheap, strong, lightweight, functional, as well as a hygienic means of carrying food as well as other goods. About a hundred billion plastic bags are used every year in the U.S. alone. And then, when one considers the huge economies and populations of India, China, Europe, and other parts of the world, the numbers can be staggering. The problem is further exacerbated by the developed countries shipping off their plastic waste to developing countries like India.
Once they are used, most bags go into landfills. Each year, more and more bags are ending up littering the environment. Once they become litter, plastic bags find their way into our waterways, parks, beaches, and streets. And, if they are burned, they infuse the air with toxic fumes. About 100,000 animals, such as dolphins, turtles, whales, penguins are killed every year due to these bags. Many animals ingest plastic bags, mistaking them for food, and therefore, die. And worse, the ingested plastic bag remains intact even after the death and decomposition of the animal. Thus, it lies around in the landscape where another victim may ingest it. One of the worst environmental effects is that they are non-biodegradable. The decomposition takes about 400 years. No one will live so long to witness the decomposition of plastic! Thus, save the environment for the future generations as well as animals.
Petroleum products are diminishing and getting more expensive by the day, since we have used this non-renewable resource increasingly. And to make plastic, about 60-100 million barrels of oil are needed every year around the world. Surely, this precious resource should not be wasted on producing plastic bags, should it? Petroleum is vital for our modern way of life. It is necessary for our energy requirements - for our factories, transportation, heating, lighting, and so on. Without viable alternative sources of energy yet on the horizon, if the supply of petroleum were to be turned off, it would lead to practically the entire world grinding to a halt.
So, what can be done? A tote bag can make a good substitute for carrying groceries and the shopping. You can keep the bag with the cashier, and then put your purchases into it instead of the usual plastic bag. Recycling the bags you already have is another good idea. These can come into use for various purposes, like holding your garbage, instead of purchasing new ones. While governments may be working out ways to lessen the impact of plastic bags on the environment; however, each of us should shoulder some of the responsibility for this problem, which ultimately harms us. Plastics are not only non-biodegradable, but are one of the major pollutants of the sea. For a clean and green environment, try to use alternatives to plastic whenever and wherever possible. Cut down your use of plastic, and do your bit to save our planet.
Which of the following could be the best tittle of the passage?
The word “repercussions” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to ______?
According to the second paragraph, what is NOT true about the reality of plastic bags?
The following are the negative effects of plastic bags on the environment, EXCEPT ______
The word “intact” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ______.
What does the word “it” in the last paragraph refer to?
It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that ______
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions from 27 to 28
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: occurs, appeals, answers, prevents
Choose the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: champion, recheck, chapter, scholar
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions from 29 to 31
Find the mistake: My brother wants me to change the job and I am thinking he is right.
Find the mistake: They are having her house painted by a construction company.
Find the mistake: I’m becoming increasingly forgettable. Last week I locked myself out of the house twice.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 32 to 46
______ Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship from France to ______ United States.
A new hospital in my village ______ next year.
The population of ASEAN accounts ______ about 8.6% of the world’s population.
The more you practice speaking in public, ______.
John bought his wife a ______ scarf when he went on holiday in Singapore last week.
As soon as I shut the front door, I realized that I ______ my key in the house.
The house felt terribly cold ______ the central heating had been on all day.
By the time the software goes on sale next month, the company ______ $2 million on developing it.
_______ his work, he went out for a walk.
This book is not really ______. It is a waste of money buying it.
The teacher explained so much stuff in just one lesson that most of the students could ______ only half of it.
The first week of classes at university was a little ______ because so many students get lost, change classes or go to the wrong place.
When preparing a CV, university ______ can consider attaching a separate report about official work experience during the course.
Jose had a hard time comparing the iPhone to the Samsung phone because to him they were ______ and oranges.
People also need to ______ the same warnings in mind if they use mobile phones and email.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in the meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions from 47 to 48
Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in the meaning to the underlined word(s): Overpopulation in big cities has severely affected the air and water quality.
Choose the word(s) OPPOSITE in the meaning to the underlined word(s): The writer was really hot under the collar when his novel was mistaken for another.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions from 49 to 50
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: hygiene, cancer, problem, routine
Choose the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: frightening, prosperous, confident, essential