Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions front 1 to 8.
Homeopathy, the alternative therapy created in 1796 by Samuel Hahnemann, and now widely used all over the world, is based on the belief that the body can be stimulated to heal itself. A central principle of the “treatment” is that “like cures like”, meaning a substance that causes certain symptoms can also help to remove those symptoms. Medicines used in homeopathy are created by heavily diluting in water the substance in question and subsequently shaking the liquid vigorously. They can then be made into tablets and pills. Practitioners believe that the more a substance is diluted in this way, the greater its power to treat symptoms.
However, in a new study, a working committee of medical experts at Australia’s National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) has claimed that homeopathic medicines are only as effective as placebos at treating illness. Their research, involving the analysis of numerous reports from homeopathy interest groups and the public, concluded that there is no reliable evidence that homeopathy works. Moreover, researchers uncovered no fewer than 68 ailments that homeopathic remedies had failed to treat, including asthma, sleep disturbances, cold and flu, and arthritis.
As a result of the findings, the NHMRC is urging health workers to inform their patients to be wary of anecdotal evidence that appears to support the effectiveness of homeopathic medicine. “It isn’t possible to tell whether a health treatment is effective or not simply by considering the experience of one individual or the beliefs of a health practitioner” says the report. Experts believe that most illnesses said to have been cured by homeopathy would be cured by the body on its own without taking the medicine. Apparently, many illnesses are short-lived by their very nature which often leads to people believing that it is the homeopathy that cures them.
A more serious matter is highlighted by Professor John Dwyer of the University of New South Wales. As an immunologist, he is concerned about homeopathic vaccinations on offer for diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria, none of which he considers effective. According to Professor John Dwyer, the concept that homeopathic vaccinations are just as good as traditional vaccinations is delusion, and those who believe it are failing to protect themselves and their children.
Which could be the best title for the passage?
According to the reading passage, homeopathic medicines are___________ .
What does the word “their” in paragraph 2 refer to?
The Australian study reveals that homeopathy is___________.
What is the word “wary” in paragraph 3 closest in meaning to?
People tend to believe in homeopathy because of___________.
What is the word “delusion” in paragraph 4 closest in meaning to?
In Professor John Dwyer’s view, homeopathic vaccinations__________.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 9 to 13
Being repeatedly late may just be accidental - or could it show a deeply rooted psychological desire to express your own superiority? when I worked in an office, meetings would often start late, usually because of a certain individual. Then they would overrun and the whole day lost its shape. But the individual was high-ranking and self-important: nobody challenged. So, what are the ethics of lateness?
There’s a psychotherapist called Irvin Yalom who argues that all behaviour reflects psychology. Just as people who like to be on time are motivated by certain deep-seated beliefs, so those who make others wait are acting out an inner agenda, often based on an acute sense of power. There’s famous footage in which Silvio Berlusconi kept Angela Merkel waiting while he made a call on his mobile. It speaks volumes.
But that is when all lateness is in one’s control, what about when your train is cancelled or your flight is delayed or you had to wait longer for the plumber to arrive? In such cases, there’s not a lot of psychology involved. Or is there? Some people will genuinely worry about the impact it will have on those left waiting, while others might secretly enjoy the power of their absence.
The essential fact is that lateness means breaking a convention - you can only be late in respect of a time agreed with other people. Regardless of psychology, it has a social value. And when we treat other people’s time as less valuable than our own, we treat them as inferior.
What is the main idea of the passage?
What is the “speaks volumes” in paragraph 2 closest in meaning to?
Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to the passage?
It can be inferred from the reading passage that___________.
What does the word “it” in paragraph 4 refer to?
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions
Mark the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: wither, thesis, thoughtful, breath
Mark the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress: traffic, configuration, cinema, camouflage
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Mark the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: report, conclude, deter, sanction
Mark the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation: advertise, definite, composite, communicate
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions
Tim and his friends have founded___________voluntary organisation which helps disabled people with their transport needs.
Dana finally admitted___________by what her father had said the day before.
The man was very brave. He___________, but he chose to stay and fight.
Air pollution is getting___________serious in big cities such as Hanoi and Beijing.
The company has made an announcement that any application___________ in after 30th April shall not be considered.
Only after the teacher had explained the procedure clearly___________to go ahead with the experiment.
Her parents are really strict. They rarely let her stay out late, ___________?
Visitors to the local museum are mostly attracted by___________ rocking chair.
Many astronomers never get back to the Earth because of___________accidents.
After years of training hard, the athlete finally could___________ her ambition of winning an Olympic gold medal.
The commission estimates that at least seven companies took___________ of the program.
The cinema is no longer as popular as it was in the 1930s and 1940’s, but it is still an important___________of entertainment.
After years of derision from the world, the Hindi film industry is achieving its ___________ in the Sun.
While I was looking through my old albums the other day, I___________this photograph of my parents’ wedding.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
Find the mistake: Of more than 1,300 volcanoes in the world, only about 600 can classify as active.
Find the mistake: In spite of the Indian lacked animals, they had the ability to cultivate plants suitable for daily use.
Find the mistake: A professor of economy and history at our university has developed a new theory of the relationship between historical events and financial crises.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions
John no longer drinks a lot.
“Stop smoking or you’ll be ill,” the doctor told me.
People think that increasing levels of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases will inevitably lead to global warming.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions
He was very tired. He agreed to help me with my homework.
Mary quarreled with her boyfriend yesterday. She didn’t want to answer his phone call this morning.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges
Sam and David are talking about what to do after work.
- “Do you fancy going to a movie this evening?”
Laura: “What a lovely house you have!” ...............
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions
Mark the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part: When the Titanic crashed into the iceberg, the crew quickly sent out distress signals to alert nearby ships of the disaster and request their help.
Mark the word or phrase that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part: I’m all in favour of ambition but I think when he says he’ll be a millionaire by the time he’s 25, he’s simply crying for the moon.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions
Mark the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part: I prefer secure jobs because I don’t like keeping on moving and changing all the time.
Mark the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part: When he passes the entrance exam, his parents will be walking on air.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word for each of the blanks from 46 to 50.
Most adults struggle to recall events from their first few years of life and now scientists have identified exactly when these childhood memories are lost forever. A new study into childhood amnesia has found that it tends to take (46) ___________ around the age of seven.
The rapid decline of memories persisting while children are five and six is owing to the change in the way memories are formed.
Before the age of seven, children tend to have an (47) ___________ form of recall with no sense of time and place in their memories. In older children, however, the early recollected events tend to be more adult like in their content and the way they are formed. Faster rate of forgetting in children and higher turnover of memories means early memories are less likely to survive. (48) ___________, memories of younger children tend to lack autobiographical narrative leading to a process known as “retrieval induced forgetting” (49) ___________ the action of remembering causes other information to be forgotten. Consequently, if childhood memories can survive into the ninth or tenth year of life, they may stay a chance of (50) ___________ it into adulthood.