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Đề thi thử THPT QG năm 2020 môn Tiếng Anh có đáp án - Đề số 1

13/07/2022 - Lượt xem: 35
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Câu hỏi (50 câu)
Câu 1
Mã câu hỏi: 264248

I. Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in each of the following question.

  • A. cried
  • B. published
  • C. ordered
  • D. sprayed
Câu 2
Mã câu hỏi: 264249
  • A. houses
  • B. services
  • C. passages
  • D. techniques
Câu 3
Mã câu hỏi: 264250

II. Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following question:

  • A. private
  • B. provide  
  • C. arrange
  • D. advise
Câu 4
Mã câu hỏi: 264251
  • A. particular
  • B. significant
  • C. satisfaction
  • D. collaborate
Câu 5
Mã câu hỏi: 264252

III. Mark the letter A, B, C, D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:

She has been playing                                 piano since she was 10 years of age.

  • A. a
  • B. an
  • C. the
  • D. X (no article)
Câu 6
Mã câu hỏi: 264253

You ______ many good choices for the future if you are admitted to a famous university.

  • A. will have
  • B. had
  • C. would have
  • D. would have had
Câu 7
Mã câu hỏi: 264254

Bruce was not promoted to a higher position ________ he was a devoted worker.

  • A. despite
  • B. in spite of
  • C. although
  • D. no matter how
Câu 8
Mã câu hỏi: 264255

The teacher criticized me _______ making too many stupid mistakes in the essay.

  • A. on
  • B. for
  • C. about
  • D. by
Câu 9
Mã câu hỏi: 264256

________the destination, everyone felt a relief.

  • A. Reached
  • B. When reached
  • C. On reaching
  • D. Having been reached
Câu 10
Mã câu hỏi: 264257

We noticed a very sneaky man while we _________ at the checkout.

  • A. stood
  • B. are standing
  • C. had stood
  • D. were standing
Câu 11
Mã câu hỏi: 264258

__________a good chance, don’t let it slip away!

  • A. If given
  • B. You are given
  • C. If you give
  • D. Being given
Câu 12
Mã câu hỏi: 264259

The stockbroker denied ____ of the secret business deal.

  • A. having informed
  • B. to have been informed
  • C. having been informed
  • D. to have informed
Câu 13
Mã câu hỏi: 264260

IV. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.

The helicopter carrier is indispensable in marine operations against sea or enemies.

  • A. unique
  • B. novel
  • C. exotic
  • D. vital
Câu 14
Mã câu hỏi: 264261

Researchers warn of the impending extinction of many species of plants and animals.

  • A. inevitable
  • B. imminent
  • C. formidable
  • D. absolute
Câu 15
Mã câu hỏi: 264262

V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions:

It was a heartfelt confession.

  • A. loving
  • B. insincere
  • C. unhealthy
  • D. humorous
Câu 16
Mã câu hỏi: 264263

Is he looking for a temporary or a permanent contract?

  • A. fleeting
  • B. fierce
  • C. stable
  • D. loose
Câu 17
Mã câu hỏi: 264264

VI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction:

It is time(A) the management do(B) something to support the unemployed(C) to find some(D) jobs.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              

  • A. A
  • B. B
  • C. C
  • D. D
Câu 18
Mã câu hỏi: 264265

I enjoy reading(A) the editorial that(B)  you told(C) me about it(D) yesterday.

  • A. A
  • B. B
  • C. C
  • D. D
Câu 19
Mã câu hỏi: 264266

Students suppose(A) to read all the problems(B) carefully and find out(C) the solution to them(D).

  • A. A
  • B. B
  • C. C
  • D. D
Câu 20
Mã câu hỏi: 264267

VII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 20 to 24:

      In the world today, particularly in the two most industrialized areas, North America and Europe, recycling is big news. People are talking about it, practicing it, and discovering new ways to be sensitive to the environment. Recycling means finding was to use products a second time. The motto of the recycling movement is "Reduce, Reuse, Recycle".

    The first step is to reduce garbage. In stores, a shopper has to buy products in blister packs, boxes and expensive plastic wrappings. A hamburger from a fast food restaurant comes in lots of packaging: usually paper, a box, and a bag. All that packaging is wasted resources. People should try to buy things that are wrapped simply, and to reuse cups and utensils. Another way to reduce waste is to buy high- quality products. When low quality appliances break, many customers throw them away and buy new ones - a loss of more resources and more energy. For example, if a customer buys a high-quality appliance that can be easily repaired, the manufacturer receives an important message. In the same way, if a customer chooses a product with less packaging, that customer sends an important message to the manufacturers. To reduce garbage, the throwaway must stop.

      The second step is to reuse. It is better to buy juices and soft drinks in returnable bottles. After customers empty the bottles, they return them to the store. The manufacturers of the drinks collect the bottles, wash them, and then fill them again. The energy that is necessary to make new bottles is  saved. In some parts of the world, returning bottles for money is a common practice. In those places, the garbage dumps have relatively little glass and plastic from throwaway bottles.

        The third step is being environmentally sensitive is to recycle. Spent motor oil can be cleaned and used again. Aluminum cans are expensive to make. It takes the same amount of energy to make one aluminum can as it does to run a color TV set for three hours. When people collect and recycle aluminum (for new cans), they help save one of the world's precious resources.

What is the main topic of the passage?

  • A. How to reduce garbagedisposal.
  • B. What people often understand about the term “recycle”.
  • C. What is involved in the recycling movement.
  • D. How to live sensitively to the environment.
Câu 21
Mã câu hỏi: 264268

People can do the following to reduce waste EXCEPT:

  • A. buy high-quality product
  • B. buy simply-wrapped things
  • C. reuse cups
  • D. buy fewer hamburgers
Câu 22
Mã câu hỏi: 264269

Why is it a waste when customers buy low-quality products?

  • A. Because people will soon throw them away.
  • B. Because they have to be repaired many times.
  • C. Because customers change their ideas all the time.
  • D. Because they produce less energy.
Câu 23
Mã câu hỏi: 264270

What best describes the process of reuse?

  • A. The bottles are collected, washed, returned and filled again.
  • B. The bottles are filled again after being returned, collected and washed.
  • C. The bottles are washed, retuned, filled again and collected.
  • D. The bottles are collected, returned filled again and washed.
Câu 24
Mã câu hỏi: 264271

What are the two things mentioned as examples of recycling?

  • A. Aluminum cans and plastic wrappings.
  • B. Hamburger wrappings and spent motor oil.
  • C. Aluminum cans and spent motor oil.
  • D. TV sets and aluminum cans.
Câu 25
Mã câu hỏi: 264272

VIII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the best option for each of the blanks from 25 to 29:

From the seeds themselves to the machinery, fertilizers and pesticides - The Green Revolution regimen depend  heavily on  technology. One...........(25)........ however, depends much more on technology - organic  farming.  Many  organic  farmers  use  machinery, but...........(26)..........chemical fertilizers or pesticides. ..........(27)..........chemical soil enrichers, they use animal manure and plant parts not used as food - natural, organic fertilizers that are clearly a renewable........(28)........ Organic farmers also use alternatives for pesticides; for example, they may rely........(29)..........natural predators of certain insect pests. Then, the need arises, they can buy the eggs and larvae of these natural predators and introduce them into their crop fields.

  • A. alternative
  • B. alternate
  • C. alteration
  • D. alternation
Câu 26
Mã câu hỏi: 264273
  • A. also
  • B. for
  • C. not
  • D. all
Câu 27
Mã câu hỏi: 264274
  • A. In spite of
  • B. On account of
  • C. In favour of
  • D. Instead of
Câu 28
Mã câu hỏi: 264275
  • A. resource
  • B. source
  • C. matter
  • D. substance
Câu 29
Mã câu hỏi: 264276
  • A. of
  • B. to
  • C. on
  • D. in
Câu 30
Mã câu hỏi: 264277

IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from 30 to 37:

   An air pollutant is defined as a compound added directly or indirectly by humans to the atmosphere in such quantities as to affect humans, animals, vegetation, or materials adversely. Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous change. When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled - a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today. As technology has developed and knowledge of the health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened. In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.

    Many of the more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, are found in nature. As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles. These serve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil. On a global basis, nature's output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities.

   However, human production usually occurs in a localized area, such as a city. In such a region, human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles. The result is an increased concentration of noxious chemicals in the air. The concentrations at which the adverse effects appear will be greater than the concentrations that the pollutants would have in the absence of human activities. The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area. For example, sulfur dioxide has detectable health effects at 0.08 parts per million (ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level. Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.

(source: http://www.ilocis.org)

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • A. The economic impact of air pollution.
  • B. What constitutes an air pollutant.
  • C. How much harm air pollutants can cause.
  • D. The effects of compounds added to the atmosphere.
Câu 31
Mã câu hỏi: 264278

It can be inferred from the first paragraph that ___________.

  • A. water vapor is an air pollutant in localized areas
  • B. most air pollutants today can be seen or smelled
  • C. the definition of air pollution will continue to change
  • D. a substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities
Câu 32
Mã câu hỏi: 264279

For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?

  • A. They function as part of a purification process
  • B. They occur in greater quantities than other pollutants
  • C. They are less harmful to living beings than other pollutants
  • D. They have existed since the Earth developed
Câu 33
Mã câu hỏi: 264280

According to the passage, human-generated air pollution in localized regions___________.

  • A. can be dwarfed by nature's output of pollutants
  • B. can overwhelm the natural system that removes pollutants
  • C. will damage areas outside of the localized regions
  • D. will react harmfully with natural pollutants
Câu 34
Mã câu hỏi: 264281

The word “localized” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to________.

  • A. specified
  • B. circled
  • C. surrounded
  • D. encircled
Câu 35
Mã câu hỏi: 264282

According to the passage, the numerical value of the concentration level of a substance is only useful if ________.

  • A. the other substances in the area are known
  • B. it is in a localized area
  • C. the natural level is also known
  • D. it can be calculated quickly
Câu 36
Mã câu hỏi: 264283

The word “detectable” in the third paragraph is closest in meaning to____.

  • A. discernible
  • B. gradual
  • C. unobservable
  • D. impossible
Câu 37
Mã câu hỏi: 264284

Which of the following is best supported by the passage?

  • A. To effectively control pollution, local government should regularly review their air pollution laws.
  • B. One of the most important steps in preserving natural lands is to better enforce air pollution laws.
  • C. Scientists should be consulted in order to establish uniform limits for all air pollutants.
  • D. Human activities have been effective in reducing air pollution.
Câu 38
Mã câu hỏi: 264285

X. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:

A trust worker was discovered to have______ confidential information to a rival corporation.

  • A. stolen
  • B. spread
  • C. rumored
  • D. leaked
Câu 39
Mã câu hỏi: 264286

Poor supervision brought the firm to _________ of collapse.

  • A. the edge
  • B. the foot
  • C. the ring
  • D. the brink
Câu 40
Mã câu hỏi: 264287

It never _____ his mind that his badly behaved manner would be discovered.

  • A. crossed
  • B. came
  • C. spunk
  • D. passed
Câu 41
Mã câu hỏi: 264288

Tim finds mending old clothes incredibly ___________ that's why he always asks his mother to do it for him.

  • A. hilarious
  • B. tedious
  • C. funny
  • D. recreational
Câu 42
Mã câu hỏi: 264289

As Tim was _________ of the modification in the schedule, he arrived an hour late for the meeting.

  • A. unaware
  • B. unconscious
  • C. unable
  • D. unreasonable
Câu 43
Mã câu hỏi: 264290

Despite a lot of difficulties, the Star City Project will go                                     .

  • A. backward
  • B. forward
  • C. advance
  • D. ahead
Câu 44
Mã câu hỏi: 264291

XI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges:

– “Thanks for the lovely party.”

– “ ___________.”

  • A. Yes, it's really great
  • B. No, it's not good
  • C. Oh, that's right
  • D. I'm glad you enjoyed it
Câu 45
Mã câu hỏi: 264292

– “What do you usually do at weekend?”

– “ _________.”

  • A. I usually drive to work.
  • B. I will sleep all day.
  • C. I usually do not much.
  • D. Nothing much. I always sleep until noon.
Câu 46
Mã câu hỏi: 264293

XII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions:

I had never met Rose before. However, I recognized her from a picture.

  • A. Although I had never met Rose before, I recognized her from a picture.
  • B. I recognized her from a picture before I had never met Rose.
  • C. Although I had never met Rose before but I recognized her from a picture.
  • D. After I had met Rose, I recognized her from a picture.
Câu 47
Mã câu hỏi: 264294

The human brain is 8 times the size of a monkey’s. It weighs about 1,400 grams.

  • A. The size of human brain is 8 times that of a monkey’s which is about 1,400 grams weigh.
  • B. The human brain, which weighs about 1,400 grams, is 8 times the size of a monkey’s.
  • C. The size of a monkey’s brain is 1,400 grams, 8 times that of the human one.
  • D. The weight of a monkey’s brain is 1,400 grams, 8-fold than that of the human one.
Câu 48
Mã câu hỏi: 264295

XIII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions:

Tom has the ability to be a professional musician, but he’s too lazy to practice.

  • A. Tom is talented but he’ll never be a professional musician as he doesn’t practice.
  • B. As a professional musician Tom is not lazy to practice music lessons.
  • C. Tom is able to practice music lessons professionally though he is lazy.
  • D. Though practicing lazily, Tom is a professional musician.
Câu 49
Mã câu hỏi: 264296

Tim broke his arm and couldn’t battle in the final.

  • A. Tim couldn’t battle in the final due to his broken arm.
  • B. If Tim hadn’t broken his arm, he could battle in the final now.
  • C. If Tim didn’t break his arm, he could battle in the final.
  • D. But for his broken arm, Tim couldn’t have played in the final.
Câu 50
Mã câu hỏi: 264297

The teacher couldn’t stand my brother’s manner.

  • A. The teacher found my brother’s manner intolerant.
  • B. The teacher found my brother’s manner intolerable.
  • C. The teacher was tolerant towards my brother’s manner.
  • D. My brother’s behavior was not manner.

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