I. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions:
II. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions:
III. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:
The view is great, _______?
Mark hopes _______ a small part in the school play.
If I _______ just one year younger, I would be eligible for the scholarship.
His health has improved a lot since he ________ doing regular exercise.
Parents shouldn't use physical punishment ___ it negatively influences children's development.
We'll send you an email of confirmation _________.
You should book _______ advance because the restaurant is very popular in the area.
Tommy is on the way to his friend's birthday party, carrying a gift box _____ colourful paper.
Many twelfth graders find it hard to _______ what university to apply to.
He is disappointed at not winning the competition, but he will soon _______ it.
The government has _______ every effort to stop the rapid spread of COVID-19.
Making chicken soup is not difficult; it's just a matter of following the ______.
After his miraculous recovery from the stroke, the man spent the ______ of his life travelling and doing charity work.
Despite our careful planning, the whole surprise party was a ______ of accidents.
IV. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions:
Laura handled the vase with great care for fear of breaking it.
It is considered wise to keep silent when one is angry because saying anything then may make matters worse.
V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions:
When Josh was promoted to the position of marketing director, he had to shoulder more responsibilities.
The athlete's bitter defeat in the match dealt a blow to his hopes of defending his title at the championship.
VI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges:
David is talking to Lucy about her painting.
David: “What a beautiful painting!”
Peter and Dane are talking about environmental protection.
Peter: “We should limit the use of plastic bags.”
Dane: “ _____________. We can use paper bags instead.”
VII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 25 to 29:
The primary aim of ecotourism is to educate the traveller and bring him or her closer to nature. Participants are given the chance to visit parts of the world (25) ______ are untouched by human intervention and to engage in conservation work and various other kinds of environmental projects.
Visitors benefit by gaining an appreciation of natural habitats and an (26) ______ into the impact of human beings on the environment. Local communities gain financially but also in (27) ______ ways, since not only monuments but other buildings as well, such as bridges or windmills, are restored in order to attract more visitors.
(28) ______, there are also disadvantages to this type of tourism. There have been cases in which tourism has been allowed to develop with no control or limits. As a result, (29) ______ cultures have been affected or even threatened by foreign lifestyles. Many people today support that our approach to the development of ecotourism has to be reconsidered. It is essential that this type of tourism be environmentally, socially, and culturally friendly.
VIII. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 30 to 34:
Parents complain that it is difficult to live with teenagers. Then again, teenagers say exactly the same thing about their parents! According to a recent survey, the most common arguments between parents and teenagers are those regarding untidiness and household chores. On the one hand, parents go mad over untidy rooms, clothes dropped on the floor and their children's refusal to help with the housework. On the other hand, teenagers lose their patience continually when parents tell them off for dropping the towel in the bathroom, not cleaning up their room or refusing to do the shopping at the supermarket.
The survey, conducted by St George University, showed that different parents have different approaches to these problems. However, some approaches are much more successful than others. For example, those parents who yell at their teens for their untidiness, but later clear up after them, have fewer chances of changing their teens' behaviour. On the contrary, those who let teenagers experience the consequences of their actions are more successful. For instance, when teenagers who don't help their parents with the shopping don't find their favourite food in the fridge, they are forced to reconsider their actions.
Psychologists say that the most important thing in parent-teen relationships is communication. Parents should talk to their teens, but at the same time they should listen to what their children have to say. Parents should tell their teens off when they are untidy, but they should also understand that their room is their own private space. Communication is a two-way process. It is only by listening to and understanding each other that problems between parents and teens can be solved.
Which best serves as the title for the passage?
The phrase "go mad” in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.
Which is NOT mentioned in paragraph 1 as a cause of arguments between teenagers and parents?
According to paragraph 2, parents have a better chance of changing their children's behaviour by _______.
The word "they” in paragraph 3 refers to________.
IX. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 35 to 42:
Oxford University has released a sample of interview questions – including what a rock looks like and how you listen to music - to help students who want to study at the top institution. Among the list of questions are: “What can historians not find out about the past?”, “Is religion of value whether or not there is a God?” and “How can we estimate the mass of the atmosphere?”. Prospective earth sciences students could be asked what a rock handed to them looks like, meanwhile chemistry candidates are asked to calculate how many different molecules can be made from six carbon atoms and 12 hydrogen atoms.
In efforts to make the interview process more transparent, the prestigious university has released advice on how to answer the example questions just days after the deadline for applications closed. Dr Samina Khan, director of admissions and outreach, said: “Interviews will be an entirely new experience for most students, and we know many prospective applicants are already worried about being in an unfamiliar place and being questioned by people they have not met.”
She added: “We want to underscore that every question asked by our tutors has a purpose, and that purpose is to assess how students think about their subject and respond to new information or unfamiliar ideas. No matter what kind of educational background or opportunities you have had, the interview should be an opportunity to present your interest and ability in your chosen subject, since they are not just about reciting what you already know."
Laura Tunbridge, from St Catherine's College, explained why a music candidate might be asked to explain the different ways they listen to music. “The question allows students to use their own musical experiences as a starting point for a broader and more abstract discussion about the different ways people consume music, the relationship between music and technology, and how music can define us socially,” she said.
Candidates who successfully clear the first hurdle with their written application will be invited to interview. “We know there are still misunderstandings about the Oxford interview, so we put as much information as possible out there to allow students to see the reality of the process," added Dr Khan.
Which of the following best serves as the title for the article?
The word "them” in paragraph 1 refers to ______.
Why has Oxford University publicised its sample interview questions and related advice?
The word “reciting” in paragraph 3 most probably means __________.
According to Laura Tunbridge, the question about a candidate's ways of listening to music is intended to ______.
The word “clear” in paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
Which question is a history candidate LEAST likely to be asked in the Oxford interview?
X. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions:
Maths were one of his favourite subjects when he was at primary school.
Daisy enjoys going shopping, playing sports, and to hang out with friends in her free time.
It was inconsiderable of him not to call home and let his parents know he wouldn't come back until the next day.
XI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions:
Joe is more hard-working than his brother.
“You'd better stay at home during this time,” he said to Lan.
You are not allowed to take photos in the museum.
XII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions:
The film is not perfect. Its abrupt ending spoils it.
Olga handed in her exam paper. She then realised that she had missed one question.