I. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the rest in each of the following questions:
II. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions:
III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions:
Now that we have a baby, we get seldom the chance to go to the cinema.
I know that if I start watching a soap opera, I immediately become hopelessly addictive.
A body has discovered by the police near the isolated house.
III. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions:
______ for about 4 weeks, we now can perform most of the tasks confidently.
The most severvely affected area was the 19th-century residential and industrial ______ of inner London – particularly the East End.
Nowadays, it’s become ______ common to offer guests the wifi password along with a cup of tea.
I suggested ______ the matter to the committee.
His ______ was destroyed when he was caught stealing some money.
He started working as ______ childminder when she was at university.
The teacher was explaining the lesson slowly and clearly______.
If he didn’t come to the party, he _____ Sarah.
He claimed _____ from military service as he was a foreign national.
She walks so fast that I can hardly keep _____ her.
It was such a/an ______ book about environmental problems.
I still enjoyed the week ______ the weather.
Before they came to the party, Jane _____ all the things needed.
The majority of children ______ an effort to save for the future because they worry about debt they can be in.
IV. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheer to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 22 to 26:
In the past, technology and progress was very slow. People “invented” farming 12,000 years ago but it took 8,000 years for the idea to go around the world. Then, about 3,500 years ago, people called “potters” used round wheels to turn and make plates. But it took hundreds of years before some clever person thought, if we join two wheels together and make them bigger, we can use them to move things.
In the last few centuries, things have begun to move faster. Take a 20th-century invention like the aeroplane, for example. The first acroplane flight on 17 December 1903 only lasted 12 seconds, and the plane only went 37 metres. It can't have been very exciting to watch, but that flight changed the world. Sixteen years later, the first plane flew across the Atlantic, and only fifty years after that, men walked on the moon. Technology is now changing our world faster and faster. So what will the future bring?
One of the first changes will be the materials we use. Scientists have just invented an amazing new material called graphene, and soon we will use it to do lots of things. With graphene batteries in your mobile, it will take a few seconds to charge your phone or download a thousand gigabytes of information! Today, we make most products in factories, but in the future, scientists will invent living materials. Then we won't make things like cars and furniture in factories - we will grow them!
Thirty years ago, people couldn't have imagined social media like Twitter and Facebook. Now we can't llve without them. But this is only the start. Right now, scientists are putting microchips in some disabled people's brains, to help them see, hear and communicate better. In the future, we may all use these technologies. We won't need smartphones to use social media or search the internet because the internet will be in our heads!
More people will go into space in the future, too. Space tourism has already begun, and a hundred years from now, there may be many hotels in space. One day, we may get most of our energy from space too. In 1941, the writer Isaac Asimov wrote about a solar power station in space. People laughed at his idea then, but we should have listened to him. Today, many people are trying to develop a space solar power station. After all, the sun always shines above the clouds!
The writer says that in the past .......
Why does the writer use the example of the aeroplane?
What does the writer say about the future of communication?
What does the writer say about space solar power?
The best title for the article would be ................
V. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best completes each of the following exchanges:
Jack and Lala are talking about hiking in the mountain.
- Jack: “I think we should set off early.”
- Lala: “______. Then, we can have more time in the mountain.”
“I have an idea. Let’s go for a swim on Sunday afternoon”.
VI. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions:
The icebox became a fixture in most homes and remained so until the mechanized refrigerator replaced it in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
The arrival of a great wave of southern and eastern European immigrants at the turn of the century coincided with and contributed to an enormous expansion of formal schooling.
VII. Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions:
With the dawn of space exploration, the notion that atmospheric conditions on Earth may be unique in the solar system was strengthened.
She's a bit down in the dumps because she's got to take her exams again.
VIII. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions:
My interview lasted longer than yours.
I’m certain Luis was on top of the world when his wife gave birth to their first child.
“Me? No, I didn’t tell lies to Suanna,” Said Bob.
IX. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each of sentences in the following questions:
I did not see Peterson off at the railway station. I feel bad about it now.
The workers only stop the walkout after a new pay offer.
X. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 38 to 42:
Many adults in America and increasing numbers elsewhere take part in mentoring schemes. A mentor is an adult (38)_______ provides support and friendship to a young person. There are numerous different way of mentoring: passing on skills, sharing experiences, offering guidance. Sometimes the most helpful thing to do is just listen. Mentoring is open to anybody - no particular (39)_______ experience is required, just a desire to make a difference to the life of a young person who needs help. This may seem a difficult thing at first, but many people find they have a real talent for it.
The support of a mentor can (40)_______ an important part in a child's development and can often make up to a lack of guidance in a young person's life. It can also improve young people's attitudes towards society and build up their confidence in dealing with life's challenges. For the mentor, it can be incredibly rewarding to know that they have had a (41)_______ influence on a child and helped to give the best possible chance in life. (42)_______, it is not only adults who are capable of taking on this role. There is now an increasing demand for teenagers to mentor young children, for example by helping them with reading or other schoolwork.
XI. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50:
The time when humans crossed the Arctic land bridge from Siberia to Alaska seems remote to us today, but actually represents a late stage in prehistory of humans, an era when polished stone implements and bows and arrows were already being used and dogs bad already been domesticated.
When these early migrants arrived in North America, they found woods and plains dominated by three types of American mammoths. Those elephants were distinguished from today's elephants mainly by their thick, shaggy coats and their huge, upward-curving tusks. They had arrived on the continent hundreds of thousands of years before their human followers. The wooly mammoth in the North, the Columbian mammoth in middle North America, and the imperial mammoth of the South, together with their distant cousins the mastodons, dominated the land. Here, as in the Old World, there is evidence that humans hunted these elephants,as shown by numerous spear points found with mammoth remains.
Then, at the end of the Ice Age, when the last glaciers had retreated, there was a relatively sudden and widespread extinction of elephants. In the New World, both mammoths and mastodons disappeared. In the Old World, only Indian and African elephants survived.
Why did the huge, seemingly successful mammoths disappear? Were humans connected with their extinction? Perhaps, but at the time, although they were hunters, humans were still widely scattered and not very numerous. It is difficult to see how they could have prevailed over the mammoth to such an extent.
With which of the following is the passage primarily concerned?
The word "implements" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
The phrase "these early migrants" in paragraph 2 refers to
Where were the imperial mammoths the dominant type of mammoth?
It can be inferred that when humans crossed into the New World, they ______
The passage support which of the following conclusions about mammoths?
Which of the following is NOT true about prehistoric humans at the time of the mammoths' extinction?
Which of the following types of the elephants does the author discuss in the most detail in the passage?