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Đề thi thử THPT QG năm 2018 môn Tiếng Anh - THPT Chuyên Trần Phú Hải Phòng lần 1

13/07/2022 - Lượt xem: 5
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Câu hỏi (50 câu)
Câu 1
Mã câu hỏi: 268014

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

The custom of paying a bride price before marriage is still a well-established part of many African cultures. In paying a bride price, the family of the groom must provide payment to the family of the bride before the marriage is allowed. The bride price can vary greatly from culture to culture in Africa. In the Zulu and Swazi tribes of southern Africa, the bride price often takes the form of cattle. In Western African, kola nuts, shells, and other goods are often used for the payment of the bride price. The actual payment of money sometimes takes place, but the payment of goods is more frequent. The amount of paid in a bride price can also vary. In modern times, the bride price is occasionally quite small and its value is mainly symbolic. However, the bride price can still be quite high, especially among prominent or highly traditional families.

There are a number of justifications used to explain the payment of bride price. The first is that the bride price represents an acknowledgement of the expense the bride's family has gone in order to raise her and bring her up as a suitable bride for the groom. It also represents payment for the loss of a family member, since the bride will officially become a member of her husband's family and will leave her own. On a deeper level the bride price represents payment for the fact that the bride will bring children into the family of the groom, thereby increasing the wealth of the family. This concept is reinforced by the fact that the bride price must often be returned if the bride fails to bear children.

The payment of the bride price has quite a number of effects on African society. First, the payment of bride price acts to increase the stability of African family structures. Sons are dependent on their fathers and older relatives to help them pay the bride price of their wives, and this generally leads to greater levels of obedience and respect. The negotiations between the two families concerning the bride price allow the parents and other family members to meet and get to know one another before the marriage. Finally, since the bride price must often be repaid in case of divorce, the bride's family often works to make sure that any marital problems are solved quickly. Bride prices also work as a system of wealth distribution in African cultures. Wealthier families can afford to support the marriage of their son, and thus their wealth is transferred to other families.

According to paragraph 1, all of the following are true of the bride price EXCEPT ______.

  • A. its amount and form can vary
  • B. its practice is occasionally only symbolic
  • C. it is a relatively new practice in Africa
  • D. it is generally higher among traditional families
Câu 2
Mã câu hỏi: 268015

Why does the author mention “the payment of money” in paragraph 1?

  • A. To stress that the use of goods in the payment of bride price is most common.
  • B. To demonstrate the differences in how rich and poor families pay the bride price.
  • C. To illustrate how the practice of bride price has changed over time.
  • D. To demonstrate how expensive a bride price can be sometimes.
Câu 3
Mã câu hỏi: 268016

The word "prominent" in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______.

  • A. educated
  • B. important
  • C. religious
  • D. conservative
Câu 4
Mã câu hỏi: 268017

The phrase "The first" in paragraph 2 refers to the first _________.

  • A. Marriage
  • B. Bride price
  • C. Payment
  • D. Justification
Câu 5
Mã câu hỏi: 268018

It can be inferred from the paragraph 2 that African families ________.

  • A. never see their daughters after marriage
  • B. pay the bride price on the day of the wedding
  • C. place more value on men than women
  • D. place great importance on childbirth
Câu 6
Mã câu hỏi: 268019

The author uses the word "marital" to indicate that the problems are related to ________.

  • A. money
  • B. law
  • C. marriage
  • D. pregnancy
Câu 7
Mã câu hỏi: 268020

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

  • A. Sometimes the bride’s family has to return the bride price to the groom’s for equal distribution of wealth.
  • B. The initial negotiations over the birde price provide opportunities for 2 families to meet each other.
  • C. Animals are not an acceptable form of payment when it comes to paying the bride prices.
  • D. Without having to pay the bride price, African men would not respect their family members.
Câu 8
Mã câu hỏi: 268021

Why are women often married to older men?

  • A. Young men lack the financial to marry.
  • B. The legal age for marriage is lower for women than for men.
  • C. Families are eager to gain the bride price from their daughter’s marriage.
  • D. Women live longer than men on average.
Câu 9
Mã câu hỏi: 268022

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentence in the following questions.

The guest on our show who has won the Opera. He is the youngest professional golfer that has won this award so far.

  • A. The professional golfer who has won the Opera so far is the youngest guest on our show.
  • B. The youngest professional golfer won the Opera so far is the guest on our show.
  • C. The youngest guest on our show is the professional golfer winning the Opera so far.
  • D. The guest on our show is the youngest professional golfer to win the Opera so far.
Câu 10
Mã câu hỏi: 268023

We arrived at the conference. Then we realized that our reports were still at home.

  • A. No sooner had we realized that our reports were at home than we arrived at the conference.
  • B. Only after we arrived at the conference did we realize that our reports were still at home.
  • C. Not until we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
  • D. Hardly had we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
Câu 11
Mã câu hỏi: 268024

Mark the letter A,B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

Mr. Brown said to me "Make good use of your time. You wont get such an opportunity again."

  • A. Mr. Brown let me make use of my time, knowing that I wouldn't get such an opportunity again.
  • B. Mr. Brown ordered me to make good use of my time, said that I wouldn't get such an opportunity again.
  • C. Mr. Brown offered me such an opportunity so that I could make good use of my time.
  • D. Mr Brown advised me to make good use of my time as I wouldn't get such an opportunity again.
Câu 12
Mã câu hỏi: 268025

Perhaps, the violence was provoked by the fans of the visiting team.

  • A. It can have been the visiting team's fans that set off the violence.
  • B. The fans of the visiting team must have been the people who began the violence.
  • C. There might have been some violence caused by the visiting team's fans.
  • D. The fans of the visiting team should have brought about the violence.
Câu 13
Mã câu hỏi: 268026

People say that Mr. Goldman gave nearly a million pounds to charity last year.

  • A. Mr. Goldman is said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
  • B. Nearly a million pounds is said to be given to charity by Mr. Goldman.
  • C. Mr. Goldman was said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
  • D. Nearly a million pounds was said to have been given to charity by Mr. Goldman.
Câu 14
Mã câu hỏi: 268027

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

Most people indulge _________  harmless fantasies to relieve the boredom of their lives.

  • A. of
  • B. in
  • C. to
  • D. for
Câu 15
Mã câu hỏi: 268028

_______  they've already made their decision, there's nothing much we can do.

  • A. Seeing that
  • B. On grounds that
  • C. Assuming that
  • D. For reason that
Câu 16
Mã câu hỏi: 268029

_________, the town does not get much of an ocean breeze.

  • A. Locating near the coast
  • B. Despite location near the coast
  • C. Though located near the coast
  • D. In spite having location near the coast
Câu 17
Mã câu hỏi: 268030

We missed the ferry yesterday morning. It _________  by the time we arrived at the pier.

  • A. has already gone
  • B. was already going
  • C. had already gone
  • D. already went
Câu 18
Mã câu hỏi: 268031

If the prisoners attempt to escape from prison, _________  immediately.

  • A. they will have caught
  • B. they will catch
  • C. they will be caught
  • D. they would be caught
Câu 19
Mã câu hỏi: 268032

With its thousands of rocks and caves _________ out of the water, Ha Long Bay has won international recognition.

  • A. being emerged
  • B. emerged
  • C. emerging
  • D. emerge
Câu 20
Mã câu hỏi: 268033

Is that the man _________.

  • A. whom you lent the money
  • B. whom did you lend the money
  • C. you lent the money
  • D. you lent the money to
Câu 21
Mã câu hỏi: 268034

His reply was so _________  that I didn't know how to interpret it.

  • A. explicable
  • B. assertive
  • C. explanatory
  • D. ambiguous
Câu 22
Mã câu hỏi: 268035

Shelly disagreed with the board's decision. She _________  and went to work for another company.

  • A. pursued
  • B. resigned
  • C. abandoned
  • D. retained
Câu 23
Mã câu hỏi: 268036

As an ASEAN member, Vietnam has actively participated in the groups programs and has also created new _________  and cooperation mechanics.

  • A. initiatives
  • B. initiators
  • C. initiations
  • D. initiates
Câu 24
Mã câu hỏi: 268037

Archaeologists think that massive floods could have _________  the dinosaurs.

  • A. wiped out
  • B. laid off
  • C. put aside
  • D. taken down
Câu 25
Mã câu hỏi: 268038

I'm going on business for a week, so I'll be leaving everything _________.

  • A. on your guards
  • B. up to your eyes
  • C. in your capable hands
  • D. under the care of you
Câu 26
Mã câu hỏi: 268039

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrases that best fits each of the numbered blanks.

SPORTS IN SOCIETY

The position of sport in today's society has changed out of all recognition. People no longer seem to think of sports as ‘just a game’ - to be watched or played for the (26) _________ of enjoyment. Instead, it has become big business worldwide. It has become accepted practice for leading companies to provide sponsorship. TV companies pay large sums of money to screen important matches or competitions. The result has been huge rewards for athletes, some of (27) _________ are now very wealthy, particularly top footballers, golfers and tennis players.

(28) ________ , it is not unusual for some athletes to receive large fees on top of their salary, for advertising products or making personal appearances.

A trend towards shorter working hours means that people generally tend to have more free time, both to watch and to take in sporting activity; sport has become a significant part of the recreation industry that we now rely (29) _________ to fill our leisure hours. Professional sport is a vital part of that industry, providing for millions of (30) _________ people all over the world.

  • A. advantage
  • B. good
  • C. benefit
  • D. sake
Câu 27
Mã câu hỏi: 268040
  • A. whose
  • B. whom
  • C. who
  • D. that
Câu 28
Mã câu hỏi: 268041
  • A. In addition
  • B. However
  • C. In contrast
  • D. Therefore
Câu 29
Mã câu hỏi: 268042
  • A. for
  • B. with
  • C. on
  • D. in
Câu 30
Mã câu hỏi: 268043
  • A. ordinary
  • B. mighty
  • C. extremist
  • D. abnormal
Câu 31
Mã câu hỏi: 268044

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

  • A. commerce
  • B. reserve
  • C. burden
  • D. comment
Câu 32
Mã câu hỏi: 268045
  • A. accomplish
  • B. embarrass
  • C. interpret
  • D. volunteer
Câu 33
Mã câu hỏi: 268046

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

  • A. approached
  • B. enforced
  • C. composed
  • D. embraced
Câu 34
Mã câu hỏi: 268047
  • A. sculpture
  • B. result
  • C. justice
  • D. figure
Câu 35
Mã câu hỏi: 268048

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word or phrase that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions

The police have concluded tentatively that the explosion was caused by a bom.

  • A. differently
  • B. hesitantly
  • C. certainly
  • D. temporarily
Câu 36
Mã câu hỏi: 268049

The palace was badly damaged by fire, but was eventually restored to its original spiendor.

  • A. refurbished
  • B. devastated
  • C. strengthened
  • D. renovated
Câu 37
Mã câu hỏi: 268050

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

He was attentive as Betsy and I talked about our charity concert to help the victims of the recent floods.

  • A. perceptive
  • B. indifferent
  • C. interested
  • D. negligent
Câu 38
Mã câu hỏi: 268051

My father hit the roof when he found that I'd damaged the car.

  • A. was over the moon
  • B. burst with anger
  • C. went with the flow
  • D. kept his shirt on
Câu 39
Mã câu hỏi: 268052

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Fruit and vegetables should be carefully washed whether eaten fresh or cook.

  • A. carefully
  • B. whether
  • C. fresh
  • D. cook
Câu 40
Mã câu hỏi: 268053

The Netherlands, with much of its land lying lower than sea level, have a system of dikes and canals for controlling water.

  • A. much
  • B. lying
  • C. have
  • D. controlling
Câu 41
Mã câu hỏi: 268054

The symptoms of diabetes in the early stages are too slight that people do not notice them.

  • A. The
  • B. too
  • C. do not
  • D. them
Câu 42
Mã câu hỏi: 268055

Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable respone to complete each of the following exchanges.

- Mary: “_______.”     - Jane: "All right, suit yourself."

  • A. What is your favorite starter?
  • B. I haven't been to such a nice place with you for a while.
  • C. Can you help me choose the main course?
  • D. I don't want t eat anything. I'm on diet.
Câu 43
Mã câu hỏi: 268056

- Peter: "My parents gave me no choice but to study business."

- Danny: “_______.”

  • A. Well, so be it
  • B. Of course not
  • C. Oh, by all means
  • D. No, I can’t get it
Câu 44
Mã câu hỏi: 268057

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.

One of the most important social developments that helped to make possible a shift in thinking about the role of public education was the effect of the baby boom of the 1950's and 1960's on the schools. In the 1920's, but especially in the Depression conditions of the 1930's, the United States experienced a declining birth rate – every thousand women aged fifteen to forty-four gave birth to about 118 live children in 1920, 89.2 in 1930, 75.8 in 1936, and 80 in 1940. With the growing prosperity brought on by the Second World War and the economic boom that followed it, young people married and established households earlier and began to raise larger families than had their predecessors during the Depression. Birth rates rose to 102 per thousand in 1946, 106.2 in 1950, and 118 in 1955. Although economics was probably the most important determinant, it is not the only explanation for the baby boom. The increased value placed on the idea of the family also helps to explain this rise in birth rates. The baby boomers began streaming into the first grade by the mid-1940's and became a flood by 1950. The public school system suddenly found itself overtaxed. While the number of schoolchildren rose because of wartime and postwar conditions, these same conditions made the schools even less prepared to cope with the flood. The wartime economy meant that few new schools were built between 1940 and 1945. Moreover, during the war and in the boom times that followed large numbers of teachers left their profession for better-paying jobs elsewhere in the economy.

Therefore, in the 1950's and 1960's, the baby boom hit an antiquated and inadequate school system. Consequently, the "custodial rhetoric" of the 1930's and early 1940's no longer made sense; that is, keeping youths aged sixteen and older out of the labor market by keeping them in school could no longer be a high priority for an institution unable to find space and staff to teach younger children aged five to sixteen. With the baby boom, the focus of educators and of laymen interested in education inevitably turned toward the lower grades and back to basic academic skills and discipline. The system no longer had much interest in offering nontraditional, new, and extra services to older youths.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

  • A. Birth rates in the United States in the 1930's and 1940
  • B. The impact of the baby boom on public education
  • C. The role of the family in the 1950's and 1960's
  • D. The teaching profession during the baby boom
Câu 45
Mã câu hỏi: 268058

The word "it" in paragraph refers to _________.

  • A. the economic boom
  • B. the Second World War
  • C. the 1930s
  • D. the United States
Câu 46
Mã câu hỏi: 268059

The word "overtaxed" in line 14 is closest in meaning to _________.

  • A. changed too much
  • B. plentifully supplied
  • C. heavily burdened
  • D. well prepared
Câu 47
Mã câu hỏi: 268060

The public school of the 1950's and 1960's faced all of the following problems EXCEPT _________.

  • A. an inadequate number of school buildings
  • B. old-fashioned facilities
  • C. a shortage of teachers
  • D. a declining number of students
Câu 48
Mã câu hỏi: 268061

According to the passage, why did teachers leave the teaching profession after the outbreak of the war?

  • A. Teaching positions were scarce.
  • B. They were dissatisfied with the curriculum.
  • C. Other jobs provided higher salaries.
  • D. They needed to be retrained.
Câu 49
Mã câu hỏi: 268062

The word "inevitably" in parapraph 2 is closest in meaning to _________.

  • A. unavoidably
  • B. impartially
  • C. irrationally
  • D. unwillingly
Câu 50
Mã câu hỏi: 268063

Which of the following best characterizes the organization of the passage?

  • A. The second paragraph provides a fictional account to illustrate a problem presented in the first paragraph.
  • B. The second paragraph argues against a point made in the first paragraph.
  • C. The second paragraph introduces a problem not mentioned in the first paragraph.
  • D. The second paragraph presents the effect of circumstances described in the first paragraph.

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