Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on you answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the rest in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
On_________inspection, one may realise that the farmers do not use fertilisers and pesticides for the simple reason that it would not pay off.
It is a huge transition, but achievable - particularly if we________the massive present waste of energy.
Sidebar can keep information and tools__________available for you to use.
Scientists have found a way by which they can convert all blood types into O- type blood,________?
He didn't achieve much at school in academic terms but he was_________of his elders and listened to them.
“Did you enjoy your graduation ceremony?”
“Oh yes; I didn’t like__________photographed all the time, though.”
Visitors to the park must pay an entrance and boat fee, which is approximately $60 regardless of the number of people__________.
He admits that quite__________very experienced climbers have died on the West Ridge route.
___________in Central Park every year to commemorate John Lennon’s death and to argue for stricter gun laws.
“Do you need any help with those grocery bags?” “__________to ask! Thank you!”
This app comes with a small set of games that you can play whenever you're in the_________for a bit of fun.
Only after food has been dried or canned_____________.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.
“How much do you earn in your new job?” “__________”
Julie and Ann are talking about their classmate.
- Julie: “________” - Ann: “Yeah, not bad, I suppose.”
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
Increasing urbanization has led to problems. Cities are centers of civilization and culture.
It’s not fair to put all the blame on him. He’s not the only one at fault.
Mark the letter A, It, C, or l) on your answer sheet to iiuiicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
There is no point in your phoning Jane - she's away.
My eldest sister started working as a freelance journalist as soon as she graduated from university.
We’ve decided to replace those plastic shower curtains with these rubber ones.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 24 to 30.
An individual's personality is the complex of mental characteristics that makes them unique from other people. It includes all of the patterns of thought and emotions that cause us to do and say things in particular ways. At a basic level, personality is expressed through our temperament or emotional tone. However, personality also colours our values, beliefs, and expectations. There are many potential factors that are involved in shaping a personality. These factors are usually seen as coming from heredity and the environment. Research by psychologists over the last several decades has increasingly pointed to hereditary factors being more important, especially for basic personality traits such as emotional tone.
However, the acquisition of values, beliefs, and expectations seem to be due more to socialization and unique experiences, especially during childhood. Some hereditary factors that contribute to personality development do so as a result of interactions with the particular social environment in which people live. For instance, your genetically inherited physical and mental capabilities have an impact on how others see you and, subsequently, how you see yourself. Likewise, your health and physical appearance are likely to be very important in your personality development. You may be frail or robust. You may have a learning disability. These largely hereditary factors are likely to cause you to feel that you are nice - looking, ugly, or just adequate. Likewise, skin colour, gender, and sexual orientation are likely to have a major impact on how you perceive yourself. Whether you are accepted by others as being normal or abnormal can lead you to think and act in a socially acceptable or marginal and even deviant way.
There are many potential environmental influences that help to shape personality. Child rearing practices are especially critical. In the dominant culture of North America, children are usually raised in ways that encourage them to become self-reliant and independent. Children are often allowed to act somewhat like equals to their parents. In contrast, children in China are usually encouraged to think and act as a member of their family and to suppress their own wishes when they are in conflict with the needs of the family. Independence and self-reliance are viewed as an indication of family failure and are discouraged.
(Adapted from: https://www2.palomar.edu/anthKo/social/soc_3.htm)
According to recent studies, what factor is the most important in shaping an individual’s basic personality traits?
According to the passage, sometimes heredity and environment_________.
What is NOT mentioned as a hereditary factor?
Which of the followings can best replace the word “perceive” in the second paragraph?
According to the passage, how your self-image____________.
According to the passage, concepts like beauty or ugliness__________.
According to the passage, what is the most important environmental factor in personality development?
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks from 31 to 35.
Why is culture important and how does it answer the question “What is cultural identity? ’? Culture is the underlying foundation of traditions and beliefs that help a person relate to the world around then. It is the basis for any superstitions they may have. It is the aversion to (31)_________types of meat, or which days you can work on. Culture gives us a (32)__________starting point when beginning to search for our roots. Knowing (33)___________a person comes from will help to define how they look at their family
obligations as well as how they celebrate important milestones in life. As a person has given up their cultural identity, they no longer can identify themselves with the things that were (34)__________the most important things in their lives. They lose direction. As time (35)__________by and they continue to forget about their past and their natural traditions, their identity becomes less and less pronounced.
(Source: http://nobullying. com/ cultural-identity)
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
Some supporters were shouting to him and he was talking back and I told him to calm down.
Birds are at their most vulnerable when they leave their nests and find food on their own.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
His jokes won't be to everyone's taste because it is so close to the bone.
Most impoverished families' homes are primitive shelters made of scrap materials, which provide minimal privacy and protection against the elements.
Mark the letter A, B. C, or D on your answer sheet to show the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions
You should take out insurance for your house from any possible damage. Earthquakes sometimes occur here.
An understanding of engineering theories and problem are impossible until basic arithmetic is fully mastered.
The alarm was raised too late because when the emergency crew arrived, no less than 10,000 gallons of oil has gusted into the stream.
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions from 43 to 50.
All over the country, young people are entering a world of homelessness and poverty, according to a recent report by the housing group, Shelter.
Nearly 150,000 young people aged between sixteen and twenty-five will become homeless this year, says Shelter. Some of the young homeless may sleep out in the open in such places as the “cardboard city” in London, where people of all ages sleep in the open air in their only home - cardboard boxes. Others may find accommodation in shelters run by voluntary organisations or get a place in a hostel, which gives them board up to ten weeks.
But who are these people? Those who are seeking a roof over their heads are mostly not runaways but “throwaways” — people who have been thrown out of their homes or forced to leave because of parental divorce, an unsympathetic step-parent or one of many other reasons.
Take the case of one six teen-year-old schoolgirl, Alice. She did not come from a poor home and had just passed her exams with good results. The Shelter team met her in a hostel where she was doing her physics homework. Her parents had thrown her out of her home for no other reason that she wanted to do Science Advanced Level Exams - which her parents refused her permissionjo do, saying that studying sciences was unladylike!
Shelter says that the government’s laws do nothing to help these youngsters. Rising rents, the shortage of cheap housing and the cut in benefits for young people under the age of twenty-five are causing a national problem, according to Shelter. The recent changes in the benefit laws mean that someone aged between sixteen and twenty-five gets less than older people and they can only claim state help if they prove that they left home for a good reason.
Shelter believes that because of the major cuts in benefits to young people, more and more are being forced to sleep on the streets. Shelter also points out that if you are homeless, you can’t get a job because employers will not hire someone without a permanent address; and if you can’t get a job, you are homeless because you don’t have any money to pay for accommodation. It’s an impossible situation.
(Source: FCE success workbook)
According to a recent report by Shelter, it appears that________.
The word “Others” in paragraph 2 refers to_________.
Most young people become homeless because_________.
Why was Alice turned out of her home?
According to the passage, “benefits” are____________.
The changes in the system of benefits mean that .
According to Shelter, once young people have forced onto the streets,___________.
The word “permanent” in the last paragraph is closest in meaning to__________.